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Results for search "Medical Technology: Misc.".

21 Sep

ChatGPT Diagnoses Patients ‘Like a Human Doctor,’ Study Finds

A new study suggests ChatGPT performs as well as doctors in diagnosing emergency department patients and may shorten hospital wait times.

08 May

Common Medical Procedures Creating an Abundance of Environmental Waste, Study Finds

A new study looks at the environmental impact of important GI procedures – from waste generation to energy consumption.

Health News Results - 241

A new pair of earrings have joined the plethora of wearable technology that can help track wellness, researchers report.

The Thermal Earring continuously monitors a user's earlobe temperature, according to the University of Washington (UW) researchers who developed it.

The earring outperformed a smartwatch at sensing skin temperature during periods of rest, according to results from...

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel on Friday addressed a continuing issue with pulse oximeters -- that they give less accurate readings for folks with darker skin.

The devices are designed to measure oxygen levels in the blood, so correct readings are critical, experts say.

During its daylong

  • Robin Foster HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 5, 2024
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  • Americans are cautiously optimistic that AI will be able to improve the health care they receive, a new Cleveland Clinic survey finds.

    About three out of five Americans believe that AI will lead to better heart care, and 65% say they would be comfortable receiving heart advice from AI technology, the

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 2, 2024
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  • Can't afford Ozempic?

    You might soon have another weight-loss option, in the form of an ingestible vibrating capsule that tricks the body into thinking the stomach is full.

    Animals given the multivitamin-sized pill 20 minutes before eating ate about 40% less than usual, researchers report.

    “For somebody who wants to lose weight or control their appetite, it could be taken be...

    A technology from the 19th century meets one from the 21st to better help doctors predict who'll survive a heart surgery.

    Cardiologists from three major U.S. hospitals gathered data from the electrocardiograms (ECGs, invented in 1895) of almost 46,000 patients. They then fed that data into a cutting-edge AI algorithm.

    AI was 83% correct in gauging which patients would still be aliv...

    American physicians have mixed feelings on the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) into mainstream medical practice, a new survey shows.

    The survey of nearly 1,100 doctors, conducted by the American Medical Association (AMA) in August, found 41% of physicians saying they were "equally excited and conc...

    Doctor's brains are great decision-makers, but even the smartest physicians might be well-served with a little diagnostic help from ChatGPT, a new study suggests.

    The main benefit comes from a thinking process known as "probabilistic reasoning" -- knowing the odds that something will (or won't) happen.

    “Humans struggle with probabilistic reasoning, the practice of making decisio...

    The ability to detect skin cancer using artificial intelligence (AI) software has rapidly improved.

    New research presented Wednesday at a medical conference in Berlin shows that this AI technology now has a 100% detection rate for melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer.

    In this study, researchers assessed more than 22,000 patients with suspected skin cancers over 2-1/2 years...

    For a subset of patients with advanced lung cancer, radiation therapy can sometimes substantially extend their lives.

    Now a new study hints that a blood test could be used to identify the people most likely to benefit.

    Right now, there is no way to cure stage 4, or metastatic,...

    People recovering from wounds or severe burns might one day be treated with fully functional “bioprinted” skin created in a lab, a new study suggests.

    Researchers say they “printed” skin samples containing all six major human cell types found in skin.

    The result was multi-layered, full-thickness skin containing all three layers present in normal human tissue: epidermis, derm...

    The ChatGPT artificial intelligence (AI) program could grow into a source of accurate and comprehensive medical information, but it's not quite ready for prime time yet, a new study reports.

    ChatGPT's responses to more than 280 medical questions across diverse specialties averaged between mostly to almost completely correct, according to a report published online Oct. 2 in

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • October 3, 2023
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  • AI tools may help boost radiologists' confidence in their diagnoses, but they can't be relied on to identify common lung diseases on chest X-rays, a new study says.

    Researchers pitted 72 radiologists against four commercially AI tools in an analysis of more than 2,000 X-rays. The human experts won, according to results published Sept. 25 in Radiology.

    “Chest radiogr...

    Advisors to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will weigh the possibilities and parameters of experiments with artificial wombs for premature human babies.

    Scientists have already had some success with the concept in animals.

    During a two-day

    Emergency medicine doctors someday might rely on consultation from artificial intelligence (AI) programs like ChatGPT to help them quickly and accurately diagnose patients' ailments.

    A new study found that ChatGPT performed about as well as human doctors in diagnosing patients, when both are given the same set of clinical information.

    “In the end, they were pretty comparable,” s...

    Whole-body MRI scans are the latest health fad to be promoted by celebrities, with Kim Kardashian taking to Instagram last month to tout the practice.

    But doctors are warning that such whole-body scans, while tempting, are pricey and not all that accurate.

    In fact, the average person is more likely to be unnecessarily harmed by having a whole-body MRI than helped by catching a disea...

    Receiving an organ transplant can be a nerve-wracking, if lifesaving, affair, said Dr. Joaquin Brieva, a kidney transplant recipient.

    “Within two days of my transplant, my kidney function was back to normal, but then you worry about the possibility of ...

    For the first time ever, a solid humanized organ has been grown from scratch in an animal — a first step in a process that could potentially solve organ shortages and save countless lives.

    Chinese researchers grew partially human early-stage kidneys inside embryonic pigs, using a variety of genetic engineering techniques, a new report reveals.

    “This study demonstrates proof-of-p...

    Another study is showing that artificial intelligence (AI) is as good as a specialist doctor in spotting breast cancer on a mammogram. But don't expect computers to take over the job from humans, experts say.

    In a study that compared the mammography-reading skills of an AI tool with those of more than 500 medical professionals, researchers found that it was basically a tie.

    On avera...

    AI might not always be your most accurate source of health information, especially when it comes to cancer care, new research finds.

    Two new studies assessed the quality of responses offered by AI chatbots to a variety of questions about cancer care.

    One, published Aug. 24 in

  • Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 24, 2023
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  • Many people with Lou Gehrig's disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), first start to lose the ability to move their arms and legs.

    That's not Pat Bennett. She can move just fine. She can still dress herself, and she can even use her fingers to type.

    But ALS has robbed Bennett, 68, of her ability to speak. She can no longer use the muscles of her lips, tongue, laryn...

    The famous Pink Floyd lyrics emerge from sound that is muddy, yet musical:

    “All in all, it was just a brick in the wall.”

    But this particular recording didn't come from the 1979 album "The Wall," or from a Pink Floyd concert.

    Instead, researchers created it from the reconstituted brainwaves of people listening to the song “Another Brick in the Wall, Part 1.”

    A small battery-operated device long used as a treatment for pain may also help patients with sleep apnea, a British study suggests.

    Sleep apnea is a condition that impedes breathing during sleep, reduces oxygen intake and undermines sleep itself.

    The remedy: zapping sleepers with continuous but controlled electric pulses to open obstructed airways, improve breathing and restore sle...

    A new brain-zapping technology may help ease the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children without some of the side effects stimulant medications can cause, a small, preliminary study suggests.

    Marked by trouble concentrating, sitting still and/or controlling impulsive behaviors, ADHD affects about 5.3 million children, according to Children and Adults with A...

    Artificial intelligence (AI) programs can safely be used to help radiologists review mammogram images and detect breast cancers, early results from an ongoing clinical trial show.

    A single radiologist aided by AI wound up detecting about 20% more breast cancers from mammogram images than two radiologists working together, according to a report in the August issue of The Lancet Oncolog...

    Scientists have developed a wearable ultrasound patch that might eventually allow women to monitor themselves for early signs of breast cancer in the comfort of their home.

    The achievement, reported July 28 in the journal Science Advances, is the latest in a broader research effort to make wearable ultrasound a reality.

    The hope is to one day use such portable technology t...

    Wearable devices like smartwatches continually track physical activity, urging folks to take more daily steps for their health.

    Now, a new study suggests this gentle technological nagging could be of great benefit to people whose hearts are giving out.

    Heart failure patients who get between 1,000 and 5,000 steps a day have significantly improved symptoms and fewer physical limitatio...

    A technique that uses imaging technology as a guide can make radiation therapy safer for patients undergoing treatment for prostate cancer, a new research review finds.

    The technology enables clinicians to accurately aim the radiation beams at the prostate, while avoiding bladder, urethra and rectal tissue. This, in turn, reduces short-term side effects for patients, according to research...

    ChatGPT may have some of the reasoning skills doctors need to diagnose and treat health problems, a pair of studies suggests — though no one is predicting that chatbots will replace humans in lab coats.

    In one study, researchers found that — with the r...

    A multinational team of engineers and surgeons has developed a bionic hand with a high level of function in every finger -- a significant advance for amputees.

    The team, from the United States, Sweden, Australia and Italy, developed a way to reconfigure what remains of a patient's limb. Then, they integrated sensors and a skeletal implant to connect with a prosthesis both electrically an...

    Scientists have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) tool capable of deciphering a brain tumor's genetic code in real time, during surgery — an advance they say could speed diagnosis and personalize patients' treatment.

    The researchers trained the AI tool to recognize the different genetic features of gliomas, a group of tumors that constitute the most common form of brain cancer a...

    An experimental implant now under development could serve as a temporary monitor and pacemaker for ailing heart patients -- then dissolve away when it's no longer needed.

    The soft, lightweight and transparent implant is about the size of a postage stamp, and is made of polymers and metals that are biodegradable, researchers reported July 5 in the journal

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • July 7, 2023
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  • Could a grocery cart save lives by preventing possible strokes? It just might.

    The notion stems from a new British study in which grocery cart handles were embedded with electrocardiogram (EKG) sensors.

    The goal: to screen shoppers for undiagnosed cases of atrial fibrillation (a-fib), the most common heart rhythm disorder.

    “Atrial fibrillation is a leading cause of stroke,�...

    Smartphones are already handy devices, but researchers have now developed an additional use for them -- to check for a fever.

    An app called FeverPhone is the first ever to transform a smartphone into a personal thermometer without adding new hardware to the device, according to its developers from the University of Washington (UW).

    The app uses the phone's touchscreen and repurposes...

    The benefits of noninvasive imaging may soon be available to patients at high risk of coronary artery disease, according to researchers studying a newer technology.

    That technology is called ultra-high-resolution coronary CT angiography.

    Currently, patients have coronary CT angiography (CCTA), which is highly effective for ruling out coronary artery disease when it's used in patient...

    New York University doctors and hospital executives are using an artificial intelligence (AI) computer program to predict whether a newly discharged patient will soon fall sick enough to be readmitted.

    The AI program “NYUTron” reads physicians' notes to estimate a patient's risk of dying, the potential length of their hospital stay, and other factors important to their care.

    Tes...

    Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies like ChatGPT someday may make a big difference for people seeking answers to questions such as "How can I stop smoking?" They may even offer resources to someone who was sexually assaulted.

    But they're not quite there yet, a new study reveals.

    Researchers wanted to see how well ChatGPT performed for people seeking information and resources ...

    A new liver dialysis device might soon be able to save patients on the edge of death from liver failure, early clinical trial results show.

    The DIALIVE device safely improved organ function and alleviated symptoms in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure, compared with others receiving standard care, the researchers reported.

    If the device proves out in a larger trial, it cou...

    A common test for lung function may be missing lung problems in Black men, leading to under-diagnosis and insufficient care.

    A new study from the University of Pennsylvania estimates that as many as 40% more Black male patients would have been diagnosed with breathing problems if racial bias hadn't been built into diagnosing software.

    At issue is part of a long-held assumption th...

    A Dutch man with paralyzed legs can now stand and walk, thanks to a wireless brain-spine interface that responds to his thoughts by moving his legs.

    Gert-Jan Oskam, 40, suffered a spinal cord injury 11 years ago from a bike accident in China that left him unable to walk.

    Oskam now has a brain implant that picks up signals of movement that, in a healthy person, would travel down the ...

    Brain cancers are notoriously difficult to treat because most chemotherapy drugs can't breach the blood-brain barrier, a microscopic layer of cells that protect the brain from toxins.

    But researchers now say they can temporarily open that barrier and get more chemo to brain tumors, using an experimental ultrasound device.

    The technology led to a four- to sixfold increase in chemo dr...

    Could an electronic chest “tattoo” -- wireless, lightweight and razor-thin -- upend heart monitoring and lower the odds of heart disease for folks who are at high-risk?

    Just possibly.

    The clear patch in question is not quite 4 by 5 inches in size, weighs less than an ounce, and is powered by a battery no bigger than a penny and just like a temporary tattoo sticker, it's designe...

    A mind-reading device seems like science fiction, but researchers say they're firmly on the path to building one.

    Using functional MRI (fMRI), a newly developed brain-computer interface can read a person's thoughts and translate them into full sentences, according to a report publish...

    Only five months have passed since the world got its first taste of the ground-breaking artificial intelligence (AI) tool known as ChatGPT.

    Promising a brave new world of human-machine connectivity, AI demonstrates near-instantaneous access to in-depth information on almost any subject, all in full conversational sentences, often delivered in a human-sounding voice.

    A

  • Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
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  • April 28, 2023
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  • Artificial intelligence (AI) may help clinicians diagnose tuberculosis in parts of the world where radiologists are scarce, a new study suggests.

    AI software successfully identified tuberculosis (TB) from cellphone photos of chest X-ray images, researchers reported at a European conference this week.

    “We've shown that AI software is at least as good at detecting TB as a trai...

    New research in mice shows promise for a potential therapy for pancreatic cancer, which can be aggressive and hard to treat.

    Researchers from Houston Methodist tested a device that, while smaller than a grain of rice, could deliver immunotherapy directly into a pancreatic tum...

    Cutting-edge AI technologies that can detect subtle changes in a person's voice may help doctors diagnose Alzheimer's disease and other cognitive impairments even before other symptoms begin.

    In a new study, researchers used advanced machine learning and natural...

    Wireless pacemakers could be a safe and effective short-term option for children with slow heartbeats, a new study suggests.

    Children with a heartbeat that's too slow — a condition called bradycardia — need a pacemaker to keep their hearts beating normally.

    Researchers successfully implanted wireless pacemakers into 62 kids to see if the cutting-edge devices could be safely used...

    ChatGPT, the AI chatbot everyone is talking about, can often give reliable answers to questions about breast cancer, a new study finds. But it's not yet ready to replace your physician.

    The big caveat, researchers said, is that the information is not always trustworthy, or offers only a small part of the story. So at least for now, they said, take your medical questions to your human doct...

    Scientists have created an embryo-like structure using monkey embryonic stem cells for the first time, part of an effort to better understand early human development and organ formation.

    The researchers created the structures in a lab in China and then transferred them into the uteruses of female monkeys, according to a report published April 6 in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

    <...

    It's machine: 1, man: 0 in the latest battle between artificial intelligence (AI) technology and human health care pros.

    This time researchers set out to see if cardiologists could tell the difference between AI and a sonographer's assessments of a key measure of heart health on ultrasound images.

    Spoiler alert: They couldn't.

    “This is a machine beats man situation,” said...

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