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Health News Results - 441

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An imbalance in the gut "microbiome" of people with lupus may be driving the chronic autoimmune disease as well as its flare-ups, new research suggests.

The microbiome is the trillions of helpful bacteria that coexist in the human digestive tract and elsewhere in the body.

Comparing gut bacteria from lupus patients with bacteria f...

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance rules that limit access to the addiction treatment medication buprenorphine may be worsening the U.S. opioid epidemic, a new study suggests.

"Buprenorphine is a safe and effective treatment that decreases deaths due to opioids and stops heroin and other opioid use. People on buprenorphine are able to get their lives back together," s...

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- It's safe to use antiviral drugs to treat hepatitis C in liver cancer survivors, a new study reports.

The findings contradict previous research suggesting that antiviral drugs might increase these patients' risk of liver cancer recurrence.

That prior research involved a single-center study from Spanish investigators in 2016 that "ga...

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many more American men are now saying no to surgery for low-risk prostate cancer, and choosing to monitor the disease instead, a new study finds.

Over just five years, researchers found, the number of men who opted for monitoring tripled -- from 14 percent of patients in 2010, to 42 percent in 2015.

The shift followed new guideline...

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New (and pricey) hepatitis C medicines, such as Harvoni and Sovaldi, are living up to their promise and greatly reducing patients' odds for liver cancer and death, a new French study finds.

The news came as little surprise to one U.S. liver expert.

The advent of this class of drugs "has led to almost universal cure of chronic hepati...

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients are already fighting a tough battle, so quitting smoking while doing so is a real challenge.

Now, research from Northwestern University in Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania shows that a combo of counseling and extended use of an anti-smoking medication can boost their odds for success.

One lung cancer patient ...

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Optimism may be key to coping with chronic pain, claims a new study of soldiers who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. And you don't need to be a vet to benefit from a positive attitude, the research suggests.

Among nearly 21,000 veterans, those with a positive outlook before they were sent abroad reported fewer bouts with pain after deployment, i...

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When kidney failure patients undergoing treatment at dialysis clinics suffer cardiac arrest, the clinic staff usually jumps in to perform lifesaving CPR, but not always, a new study finds.

"It is reassuring that bystander CPR was associated with improved outcomes in dialysis clinics just as it is in other settings, but it is concerning that the...

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Taking the blood thinner Pletal (cilostazol) with either aspirin or clopidogrel (best known as Plavix) lowers stroke patients' risk of a subsequent stroke better than taking aspirin or clopidogrel alone, a new study finds.

The Japanese study was funded by Pletal's maker, Otsuka Pharmaceutical, and tracked outcomes for people with the most co...

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who receive clot-busting drugs after a stroke, intensive blood pressure lowering is safe and it reduces their risk of bleeding in the brain, a new study finds.

Brain bleeds are a major potential side effect of clot-busting drugs. But the use of extreme blood pressure lowering to reduce that risk in patients who take the drugs aft...

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to keep seniors heart-healthy have saved tens of billions of dollars in U.S. health care costs in recent years, researchers say.

Between 2005 and 2012, health care spending among people 65 and older fell an average of nearly $3,000 per person a year, the new study found. That adds up to a total savings of $120 billion, with about half...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- All expectant parents worry, and for those undergoing fertility treatments, there are additional concerns about the health of their child.

But a new study finds one less thing they need to stress over -- their children don't appear to be at greater risk of cancer than other children.

"These results provide reassuring evidence that ...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- It's a common gynecological finding: A growth on an ovary, which turns out to be a benign cyst. Is surgical removal necessary?

Not always, according to data from a new study of more than 1,900 such cases in which outcomes were tracked for two years post-diagnosis.

The team behind the research now believes that most women with non-c...

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One way to get better medical care and more value for your health care dollars is to find yourself a primary care provider, researchers say.

For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 70,000 U.S. adults who took part in a Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Of those, more than 49,000 had a primary care doctor and about 21,000 did not...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For those who want to kick their smoking habit, switching to electronic cigarettes may offer better odds of success than nicotine patches, lozenges or gum, new research suggests.

The finding follows a small year-long study that tracked about 120 British smokers enrolled in a National Health Service smoking cessation program.

"E-ci...

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer survivors struggling with common, lasting symptoms stemming from their treatments may find relief in self-applied acupressure, new research suggests.

For survivors with fatigue, self-acupressure improved related issues such as chronic pain, anxiety, depression and sleep difficulties more than usual care, the scientists found.<...

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease triggering pain and bloody stools, and it can raise the odds for colon cancer.

But now, research suggests that fecal transplants -- basically, delivering a healthy person's stool into the colitis patient's digestive tract -- may be an effective treatment.

The Australian team...

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Anyone who has cared for a hospitalized loved one knows that frequent nighttime sleep interruptions -- caused by noise or nursing checks -- are a big concern.

But in a new study, a Chicago hospital adopted sleep-friendly measures for patients that led to fewer nighttime awakenings without compromising care.

Nighttime room entries dr...

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug may help people with type 2 diabetes curb their blood sugar without causing it to drop to dangerously low levels.

Researchers found that the compound -- dubbed TTP399 for now -- improved patients' blood sugar control when it was added to the standard medication metformin for six months.

And it did so without ca...

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans are living with drug addiction, but a free, national hotline that offers help is underused because most don't know about it, new research finds.

After the popular singer Demi Lovato was hospitalized in July, researchers found that although her suspected heroin overdose was widely written about, little mention was made of ...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An immune system drug may help prevent or slow complications in a type of multiple sclerosis known as secondary progressive MS, a new study finds.

The medication is called rituximab (Rituxan). It's used to treat a number of conditions, including certain blood cell cancers and the autoimmune condition rheumatoid arthritis.

The ...

FRIDAY, Dec. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stress and uncertainty plague many Americans, but there are a number of steps you can take to cope, a psychiatrist suggests.

"In this day and age of 'digital' perfection, the stress of daily living can take a toll on our health, causing anxiety and depression, leading to relationship difficulties, problems at work, and the feeling that you hav...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The bacteria living in your digestive system might determine how your body processes diabetes medications, a new review suggests.

Researchers combed through more than 100 published studies conducted in people or in rodents to see how the gut microbiome -- bacteria living in the digestive system -- could impair or enhance the way diabetes dr...

FRIDAY, Dec. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Two common classes of type 2 diabetes drugs may lower blood sugar levels, but new research suggests those same drugs might boost the risk of heart attack, stroke and heart failure.

The drug classes in question are sulfonylureas and basal insulin. Sulfonylureas cause the body to release more insulin. They're taken orally and have been used sinc...

TUESDAY, Dec. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- If you have high blood pressure, hitting the gym may be as helpful as taking drugs to lower your numbers, researchers say.

There's "compelling evidence that combining endurance and dynamic resistance training was effective in reducing [blood pressure]," according to the authors of a new report.

The British researchers stressed that ...

TUESDAY, Dec. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially addictive opioid painkillers are often prescribed for chronic pain, but they actually work only slightly better than placebo pills, a new review shows.

The analysis, of 96 clinical trials, found that on average, opioids made only a small difference for people with conditions like osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia and sciatica.

<...

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- On any given night in America, more than 550,000 people are homeless, and they are being hospitalized in greater numbers, a new study suggests.

Despite expanded Medicaid and increased funds for health care clinics, hospitalizations among this vulnerable population are rising, said lead researcher Dr. Rishi Wadhera. He is with the Smith Cent...

MONDAY, Dec. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Almost no one is immune to occasional low back pain. But when it's chronic, when simple movement seems impossible, it can keep you from enjoying life. And painkillers aren't always the answer.

Why not try meditation rather than medication?

Research has shown that mind-body practices can help. These include yoga and cognitive behavior...

FRIDAY, Dec. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- On the surface, the news looks good for America's mental health -- a new report shows the rate of people with serious psychological distress is declining, and more folks are seeking mental health care on an outpatient basis.

But the haves are edging out the have-nots when it comes to mental health care, a closer peek at the numbers reveals.

...

THURSDAY, Dec. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Tamoxifen is considered a vital weapon in the fight against breast cancer, but many women who have to take the drug struggle with its significant side effects.

Now, new research shows that a lower dose of the hormone therapy helped prevent breast cancer from returning and guarded against new cancers in women who had high-risk breast tissue.

THURSDAY, Dec. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical science has made tremendous advances in "personalized medicine" -- drugs that fight cancer and other diseases by boosting the immune system or targeting specific genetic traits.

Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter benefited from one of these drugs, Keytruda (pembrolizumab), which successfully beat back his brain cancer by ramping up hi...

THURSDAY, Dec. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Heart patients taking part in cardiac rehabilitation could receive a spicy side effect from the program -- a boost in their sex life.

Attending cardiac rehab is associated with improved sexual function and more frequent sex, according to a new evidence review.

The program likely helps by increasing the patient's physical fitness, sa...

THURSDAY, Dec. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For many breast cancer patients, removal of lymph nodes in the armpit area is a common procedure, due to worries that the tumor has spread to these tissues.

But the operation can also bring the difficult long-term side effect of lymphedema, a painful arm swelling.

Now, new Dutch research suggests that for early stage breast cancer p...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Botox has other uses beyond enhancing lips and minimizing facial wrinkles. Scientists now say it may help prevent atrial fibrillation after heart surgery.

A-fib -- an abnormal heart rhythm -- is common after heart surgery, and it's linked to stroke and heart failure. But two new studies suggest that botox injections during surgery temporar...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new test for chlamydia can provide results within 30 minutes, potentially speeding up the start of treatment, researchers say.

The rapid test for the sexually transmitted disease (STD) means patients can receive treatment immediately, instead of having to wait for a follow-up appointment. This could help reduce the spread of the disease, a...

MONDAY, Dec. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Active-duty members of the U.S. military are much more open to the idea of mental health counseling than veterans, a new survey finds.

"There has been a fundamental shift in the military regarding attitudes on mental health, and we have seen real progress in reducing the stigmas associated with professional counseling," said survey author Saman...

SUNDAY, Dec. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A marijuana-derived drug that helps control epileptic seizures appears to become less effective over time in some patients, a new Israeli study reports.

Cannabidiol (CBD) liquid has been proven effective against seizures, but about one-third of patients develop tolerance that blunts the drug's effectiveness, accordin...

FRIDAY, Nov. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electrical stimulation of a certain part of the brain may offer a new option for "treatment-resistant" depression, a small new study suggests.

Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, found that 25 patients with moderate-to-severe depression gained significant improvement in their mood after electrical stimulation of a brain...

FRIDAY, Nov. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A smokeless method of vaporizing and then inhaling pot packs a much more powerful punch than simply smoking weed, researchers say.

That could raise safety concerns for users -- driving, for example.

Marijuana vaporizers heat pot to a temperature just below combustion, allowing people to inhale the intoxicating chemical THC from the p...

TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although the findings are so far only in mice, studies suggest that aspirin -- even the "low-dose" variety -- might help counter multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder where aberrant immune system T-cells attack and destroy the protective myelin protein sheath that coats nerves.

This causes gradual deb...

TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with disabling back pain may one day receive replacement spinal discs grown from their own stem cells, researchers say.

Preliminary results in goats are encouraging, according to the University of Pennsylvania researchers who've been working toward this goal for about 15 years.

In their latest effort, the team implanted bi...

TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Few people entrusted with making difficult health care decisions for older loved ones actually know what the patient would want, a new study contends.

"Advance care planning cannot focus on the patient alone. The health care agent has to be brought into the conversation," said study leader Dr. Terri Fried, a professor of medicine at Yale Univ...

TUESDAY, Nov. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with chronic dry eye may find the condition slows them down when they have to read beyond a couple of paragraphs, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that compared with people without dry eye, those with the condition read at a slower rate when they were tasked with a 7,200-word passage.

The study authors said that tradit...

FRIDAY, Nov. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Your EpiPen will still work after being frozen, researchers report.

The epinephrine auto-injector can be lifesaving in cases of severe allergic reaction, and millions of Americans carry the devices.

In this study, researchers "took 104 same-lot pairs of [EpiPens] and froze one of each pair for 24 hours, while the other was kept at re...

THURSDAY, Nov. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains the fourth biggest killer in the United States. But only a fraction of the millions of people who could benefit from post-hospital rehab for COPD are doing so, new research shows.

COPD is a progressive, debilitating and incurable respiratory illness, often tied to smoking. Many patients re...

TUESDAY, Nov. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There's bad news for heart failure patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who'd like to stop taking their meds.

Any progress they've seen on medication is likely to fade once they stop taking their heart drugs, new clinical trial results show.

About 40 percent of a small group of patients wound up back on their medications after their...

MONDAY, Nov. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- If your urinary tract infection isn't responding to antibiotics, you could be headed for a fast relapse, researchers say.

In a new study of 151 adults with antibiotic-resistant UTIs, investigators found that these patients were more likely to have a relapse within a week and were more likely to be prescribed an incorrect antibiotic than a com...

FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related eye disease is a worldwide problem that costs people not only their vision, but also hundreds of billions of dollars globally. So an international research team decided to look into ways to prevent or treat this type of vision loss.

The investigators discovered that calcifications in the retina -- the thin layer of tissue that lines...

THURSDAY, Nov. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Having hearing loss and not knowing it might translate into higher medical bills and other health problems for many seniors, two new studies suggest.

In one study, researchers analyzed data from more than 77,000 U.S. patients with untreated age-related hearing loss, and compared them to people without hearing loss.

Among the patien...

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As stigmas surrounding mental health issues have eased, more U.S. college students are seeking help for emotional problems, a new study finds.

Researchers analyzed data from the Healthy Minds Study, an annual online survey involving more than 150,000 students from 196 campuses.

In 2017, 36 percent of students were diagnosed with me...

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Wellness Library Results - 20

Every mom-to-be hopes to give birth to a healthy baby. However, some women, due to age or genetic makeup, are at greater risk of having a baby with a birth defect. Amniocentesis -- or amnio for short -- is a prenatal diagnostic test that uses a sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds your baby in the womb to test for specific abnormalities. Amnio can help rule out many potential problems, incl...

Most women go through a battery of prenatal tests during the course of their pregnancy. But if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or too much or too little of the fluid that bathes the fetus and serves as a shock absorber (known as amniotic fluid), extra monitoring is called for. If you have preeclampsia, a potentially serious condition marked by high blood pressure and excess protein in your...

Early in your pregnancy, usually at your first prenatal visit, your practitioner will do certain standard blood tests to learn basic information about your body, check for specific conditions, or spot any potential health problems. Here's what your blood test may reveal: Blood type and antibody screen First of all, a blood test will disclose your blood type if you don't know it already. Each of th...

What is a nonstress test? A nonstress test is a simple, noninvasive procedure that involves monitoring your baby's heartbeat to make sure your baby is getting the oxygen he needs through the placenta. This test helps your doctor determine if your baby is distressed and make plans for delivery if he is. When is a nonstress test performed? The test is usually recommended in the third trimester i...

Why do doctors order laboratory tests? A doctor could have all sorts of reasons for ordering a lab test. They can be used to check for routine things such as cholesterol in the blood or protein levels in the urine. If you're not feeling well and the cause is unclear, a lab test of blood or urine may help pinpoint the cause. And if you're already being treated for an illness, a lab test can help t...

In the 1700s, Pierre Fauchard, the father of modern dentistry, overturned an ancient belief that the throbbing pain of a toothache was caused by a worm -- a toothworm, to be exact. A popular illustrated history of dentistry explains that people of ancient times believed that the toothworm "had appeared spontaneously or had bored its way into the mouth." If the pain was unbearable, author Loretta...

Sarah Schwartz* grew up in a fairly close-knit family where relatives were unafraid to express anger. When they were angry, they sometimes exploded and even yelled -- sometimes at the top of their voices. Although these displays were unpleasant, they were never catastrophic. Eventually, Sarah learned, the anger cooled, apologies were offered, and life went on. Her husband Paul, however, was raised...

Love and commitment, most people would agree, are the essential ingredients of a good marriage. Yet, as divorce rates still hover around 40 to 50 percent, there is a growing recognition among psychologists, therapists, counselors, and other professionals that this recipe often falls short for altar-bound couples. A lack of listening skills Some experts cite one main reason for this failure: lack ...

Happy couples argue about housework. And money. And the "incident" at last summer's family reunion. They keep secrets, they hold grudges, and they mistakenly believe that their partner can stand to hear one more word about the injustices unfolding on American Idol. Here's the real secret of happy couples: They aren't always happy. They're just able to keep the negative in check by balancing it wi...

In the movie Far From Heaven, four young housewives discuss their sex lives over lunchtime daiquiris. The boldest of the group coaxes the others to reveal how often their husbands want to make love. "Mike insists on once a week," one woman finally blurts out. "You get off easy!" the others laugh. "Ron is more like two or three times a week!" another woman sighs. "A girlfriend of mine," confides...

Getting infected with HIV -- the human immunodeficiency virus -- is a life-changing event. With access to treatment, that's life-changing -- not life-ending. If you get the right treatment and take care of yourself, you can look forward to years or even decades of good living. As recently as the late 1980s, infection with HIV usually meant an early death. Within a few years or even a few months o...

Using an inhaler seems so simple: You push the button, you breathe in the medicine, you feel better. But are you really getting as much medicine as you need? Many people use their inhalers improperly, making it harder for them to control their asthma. Take this short quiz to see how much you know about these often-misused devices. 1. All metered dose inhalers (the most common type) are essentia...

When the troubled patient from Puerto Rico arrived at Dr. Hector Flores's office, she had already been seen by three other doctors for depression. None of their treatments seemed to have had any effect. Despondent and anxious after her failed marriage, the woman was unable to work. Although she was well educated and understood why Flores prescribed antidepressants and therapy, the patient nonethe...

The world would be a healthier place if everybody followed their doctor's advice. People would get more exercise and eat healthier foods. They'd get regular checkups. And they'd even take their medicine as prescribed. In the real world, though, all sorts of things can get in the way of good self-care. Many people have trouble finding the time or the money to see a doctor or buy medicines. In some...

A diagnosis of depression shouldn't feel like a life sentence. Doctors and mental health professionals have more tools than ever to help: Antidepressant drugs can lift your mood, and counseling or psychological therapy can help you understand what's responsible for your dark thoughts -- and how to get rid of them. Equally important, such treatment can help renew your love of life and encourage a m...

Whether your child is an infant or a teenager, an inhaler can be a vital part of the program for keeping his asthma under control. There are two main types of asthma medications: the first type is used regularly to prevent attacks by delivering anti-inflammatory drugs (it's known as a controller ); the other, called a bronchodilator, is used to open airways when an attack is under way (it's known ...

Metered-dose inhalers: Inhalers sold since January 1, 2009 feature a new design. The medicine in them remains the same, but the propellant that forces the medicine from the inhaler canister into your mouth is different. The new propellant, hydrofluoroalkane, or HFA for short, won't deplete the earth's ozone layer the way the old propellant did. While that's good news for the planet, it means you ...

What is a peak-flow meter? A peak-flow meter is a small, hand-held device that measures the force of air that your breath blows out. If you have asthma, the meter can tell an important story. A strong, hard breath means your asthma is under control. But if a small, weak breath is all you can muster, asthma may be squeezing your airways. How do I use a peak-flow meter? Peak-flow meters are simple ...

For all of the good they do in the world, medications can also be extremely risky. Even if you take your medication exactly as you're supposed to, you could still suffer side effects. Taking the wrong pill at the wrong time in the wrong way will only increase the danger. If your doctor recommends a prescription drug, you need to become an expert in your own treatment. Your doctor needs to be info...

For a disease that strikes nearly 19 million Americans every year, depression remains remarkably hidden from view. Although its sufferers have included Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, Georgia O'Keeffe, Jessica Lange, and Mike Wallace, to name a few, people still tend to hide depression from their doctors, from their spouses, even from themselves. As a result, millions never get the treatment they nee...

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