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Results for search "Research &, Development".

Health News Results - 285

FRIDAY, March 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women scientists get less early-career research funding from the U.S. government than men, which can put them at a disadvantage for the rest of their careers, a new study says.

Researchers analyzed grants given by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) to 53,000 first-time principal investigators (57 percent men and 43 percent women) be...

FRIDAY, March 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Think of it as another example of a refined palate.

The ability to make speech sounds such as "f" and "v" is due to diet-led changes in humans' bite, researchers say.

The range of speech sounds people can make was generally thought to be fixed since modern humans appeared about 300,000 years ago, but this new study challenges that ...

FRIDAY, March 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Precious few treatment guidelines for heart patients are supported by the best scientific evidence, a new study shows.

Less than one in 10 recommendations are based on results from multiple randomized controlled trials (considered the "gold standard"), and that percentage has actually dropped in the past decade, the researchers reported.

...

WEDNESDAY, March 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The controversy over a Chinese scientist who claimed he created gene-edited babies has prompted the U.S. National Institutes of Health to join an international moratorium on such research.

"Today, leading scientists and ethicists from seven countries have called for an international moratorium on the use of genetic editing to modify the hu...

TUESDAY, March 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Dementia appears to strike people of different races in different ways, brain autopsies have revealed.

Hispanic and black people are more likely to suffer from dementia that's caused in part by micro-strokes or hardening of the arteries that serve the brain, researchers report.

On the other hand, whites are more likely to have deme...

TUESDAY, March 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors say they have sent a second HIV patient into what might be permanent remission using a stem cell transplant.

The news comes a decade after the first case of a cure was reported.

Back in 2009, doctors published a report in the New England Journal of Medicine detailing the case of the "Berlin patient" -- an HIV-positive...

TUESDAY, March 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration could give its approval this week to esketamine -- a relative of the "club drug" and anesthetic ketamine -- against severe depression.

If that approval comes, it could be the first new class of medicines approved for years against an illness that plagues millions of Americans.

Approval couldn't ...

MONDAY, March 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Amid ongoing U.S. measles outbreaks, one of the largest studies to date provides fresh evidence that the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine does not cause autism.

Danish researchers found no link between the MMR vaccine and autism, even when they focused on children at greater risk for developing autism.

"In a study of more tha...

THURSDAY, Feb. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A blood test may one day replace invasive tissue biopsies as a pain-free way to guide treatment in lung cancer patients, new research suggests.

The so-called "liquid biopsy" can quickly identify tumor gene mutations that match targeted drug therapies -- potentially boosting patient survival.

The new findings present "a convincing a...

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People who are paid to take part in research may be more likely to lie about their eligibility than those who aren't paid, a new study finds.

It included nearly 2,300 people who were surveyed on whether they're received a recent flu shot. One group of participants was told that their eligibility to take part in the survey didn't depend on wh...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug has shown promise in extending the lives of women suffering from a particularly aggressive and deadly type of breast cancer, according to the results of a phase 2 trial.

Right now, the standard treatment of chemotherapy for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer has not been very effective. That might change with the...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say they've taken a first step toward creating a pacemaker that runs on the heart's own energy rather than batteries.

Pacemakers are electronic devices implanted to regulate your heartbeat -- usually because of a condition that slows your heart's normal rate. Traditional pacemakers have two parts: a battery-powered pulse generato...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An imbalance in the gut "microbiome" of people with lupus may be driving the chronic autoimmune disease as well as its flare-ups, new research suggests.

The microbiome is the trillions of helpful bacteria that coexist in the human digestive tract and elsewhere in the body.

Comparing gut bacteria from lupus patients with bacteria f...

MONDAY, Feb. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A large, new study has uncovered 24 genetic variations that help separate the apple-shaped people from the pear-shaped ones.

Researchers said the findings help explain why some people are prone to carrying any excess weight around the belly. But more importantly, they could eventually shed light on the biology of diseases linked to obesity -- ...

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Certain bacteria dwelling in the human gut might feed depression, according to a new study that adds evidence to the theory.

Researchers found that among over 2,100 adults, those with depression showed differences in specific groups of gut bacteria. And people with higher concentrations of certain other gut bugs generally reported better mental...

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People with dementia show a different makeup in the bacteria dwelling in their guts, a preliminary study finds -- raising questions about whether the "bugs" play some role in the brain disease.

Researchers in Japan found that compared with dementia-free older adults, those with the disease typically had a very different gut "microbiome." The...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An expandable pill that can stay in the stomach for a month could help diagnose and monitor a myriad of gastro ills, a new study in pigs suggests.

The pill has a Jell-O-like consistency. Once it reaches the stomach, it quickly swells to the size of a ping-pong ball and is resistant to the stomach's roiling acidic environment, according to t...

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug may help people with type 2 diabetes curb their blood sugar without causing it to drop to dangerously low levels.

Researchers found that the compound -- dubbed TTP399 for now -- improved patients' blood sugar control when it was added to the standard medication metformin for six months.

And it did so without ca...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The most common genetic disorder among northern Europeans -- called hemochromatosis -- occurs more often than previously thought, according to a new study.

The researchers also found that people with the condition often develop serious health problems.

People with hemochromatosis -- a build-up of iron in the body that can damage t...

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental Ebola drug was effective against all strains of the deadly virus in laboratory animals, scientists say.

Previous research typically took the "one bug, one drug" approach, said researcher Thomas Geisbert, a professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. But due to the unpredictable nature of Ebola, scientists ...

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the terrifying plot lines of many a sci-fi film, there's no need to worry that germs in space might transform into ferocious, malevolent microbes that threaten the human race.

Quite the opposite, new research reveals.

The harsh conditions of galactic travel don't trigger genetic changes in bacteria that make them more danger...

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A program that maps out the genes of newborns has allowed researchers to identify risks for some inherited childhood conditions, many of which can be prevented.

The so-called BabySeq Project discovered that slightly more than 9 percent of infants carry genes that put them at risk for medical conditions as they reach childhood.

"The Ba...

THURSDAY, Dec. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with diabetes often don't have enough insulin-producing beta cells to control their blood sugar, but a combination of two novel drugs may coax the body into making more of these vital cells, an early study finds.

Together, the drugs caused beta cells to reproduce at a rate of about 5 percent to 8 percent a day, according to the resea...

THURSDAY, Dec. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A common houseplant to help keep your home's air cleaner and safer?

Scientists report they have genetically altered pothos ivy to filter certain hazardous chemicals from household air.

Many people use HEPA air filters to reduce levels of allergens and dust particles in their homes. But the molecules of the chemicals benzene and chl...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Jen Godfrey couldn't shake the "deep cloud" that lingered even after she found an antidepressant she could tolerate.

Then a string of stressors hit -- five years of fertility treatment and an 80-pound weight gain during pregnancy that left her with persistent pain; a close relative's suicide; another who went missing; and her own divorce. I...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New research shows that marijuana causes genetic changes in sperm, though it's not clear what effect those changes have, or if they're passed on to a man's children.

But the scientists said their findings suggest that men trying to have children should consider avoiding marijuana.

In experiments with rats and a study involving 24 ...

MONDAY, Dec. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've pinpointed a possible culprit in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), reporting that an overactive immune system might send the entire body into an overwhelming state of exhaustion.

"For the first time, we have shown that people who are prone to develop a CFS-like illness have an overactive immune system, both before and dur...

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A brain protein linked to Alzheimer's disease might potentially be transmitted to people during neurological procedures, a new preliminary study suggests.

Genetically engineered lab mice developed amyloid-beta deposits in their brains after they were injected with amyloid-laced samples of human growth hormone taken from decades-old human cad...

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The future of medicine may be here: Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology say they've developed an ingestible capsule that can be monitored outside the body for health data, using Bluetooth wireless technology.

The capsule could deliver drugs as well as sense the condition of its surroundings in the gut, including infecti...

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine that might help combat the opioid epidemic has performed well in early animal testing, researchers report.

The vaccine contains antibodies that are effective against several synthetic opioids, including fentanyl and the even deadlier carfentanil.

Tests in mice showed that the vaccine blocked the pain-numbing effects of sy...

MONDAY, Dec. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rolling around, meowing and generally acting blissed-out: cats love the plant known as catnip.

Now, British scientists say they're closer to knowing how catnip works -- and their insights might end up helping felines' two-legged friends.

The substance in catnip that intoxicates cats is nepetalactone, explained a team led by Benjamin ...

FRIDAY, Nov. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There's a good chance that some cases of the mysterious polio-like illness seen recently in U.S. children may have been misdiagnosed, a new study reports.

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), which causes potentially life-threatening paralysis and primarily strikes children, has been recurring in the United States in every-other-year waves since 2014...

THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Connections between different areas of the brain are sustained longer than usual in people with autism, perhaps explaining some of their symptoms, a new study suggests.

It's possible these prolonged connections make it difficult for the brain to switch from one activity to another, the researchers said.

"People with autism do not l...

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental gene therapy for Parkinson's disease seems to work by rewiring key areas of the brain, a new study finds.

The researchers focused on 15 Parkinson's patients who, in an earlier trial, had received so-called GAD gene therapy. GAD is an enzyme that spurs the production of a brain chemical involved in movement control.

TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People with disabling back pain may one day receive replacement spinal discs grown from their own stem cells, researchers say.

Preliminary results in goats are encouraging, according to the University of Pennsylvania researchers who've been working toward this goal for about 15 years.

In their latest effort, the team implanted bi...

TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A freeze-dried polio vaccine that could be used in locations without refrigeration might help doctors conquer the disease, researchers report.

For the study, scientists freeze-dried the injectable vaccine into a powder and kept it at room temperature for four weeks. They then rehydrated it and injected it into mice, giving them full protecti...

FRIDAY, Nov. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As part of a new effort to cut the use of dogs in drug trials, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Friday launched an initiative to keep canines out of studies for certain veterinary medicines.

The project is aimed at "bioequivalence" trials -- studies conducted to test whether a new generic version of a drug is equivalent in effectivenes...

MONDAY, Nov. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- It's a finding only observed so far in mice, but researchers say that a naturally occurring protein triggered significant weight loss in obese rodents.

The scientists said the protein -- FGFBP3 (BP3 for short) -- might offer a new way to treat obesity as well as conditions associated with metabolic syndrome, such as type 2 diabetes and fatty ...

FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) is ineffective in treating a rare, polio-like disorder that can cause muscle weakness and paralysis in children, researchers are reporting.

In the United States, there have been 219 possible cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) reported so far this year, and 80 have been confirmed, according to the U.S. C...

FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related eye disease is a worldwide problem that costs people not only their vision, but also hundreds of billions of dollars globally. So an international research team decided to look into ways to prevent or treat this type of vision loss.

The investigators discovered that calcifications in the retina -- the thin layer of tissue that lines...

THURSDAY, Nov.1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The first Food and Drug Administration-approved drug containing an ingredient derived from the marijuana plant went on sale Thursday in the United States.

Epidiolex is a twice-daily oral solution -- a cannabidiol, or CBD liquid -- made by Britain-based GW Pharmaceuticals. It is approved for use in patients 2 years old and older with two types ...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Long belittled as inconsequential, the appendix is hardly the rock star of body organs. But its reputation may get a boost from new research that suggests that removing it may lower the risk for Parkinson's disease.

The finding follows an analysis that examined how appendix removal surgery (appendectomy) affected Parkinson's risk among 1.6 ...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The science of spinal cord stimulation has been fine-tuned to the point that three previously paralyzed patients can now walk with minimal assistance, Swiss researchers report.

They can do so with only the aid of crutches or a walker, thanks to incredibly precise electrical stimulation of their spinal cord combined with intensive rehabilita...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The earliest evidence of lead exposure has been discovered in 250,000-year-old teeth from the remains of two Neanderthals found in southeastern France, researchers say.

"Traditionally, people thought lead exposure occurred in populations only after industrialization, but these results show it happened prehistorically, before lead had been w...

TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is a formidable foe that can tax the bodies and the spirits of people diagnosed with the blood sugar disease.

But a plant-based diet may help boost the physical and the mental health of unhappy people with type 2 diabetes, a new evidence review reports.

Diabetics who switched to a plant-based diet tended to experience a sig...

TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Three experimental Ebola vaccines trigger an immune response that lasts for more than two years against the deadly disease, researchers report.

In addition to being welcome news for the Ebola outbreak that's now spreading throughout the Democratic Republic of Congo, this success story is spurring research into the development of similar vacci...

THURSDAY, Oct. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new gene therapy might help improve motor symptoms in people with Parkinson's disease who aren't responding to other therapies, an early study has found.

"This is not a cure of Parkinson's disease," said James Beck, chief scientific officer of the Parkinson's Foundation. "This is a potentially good treatment for symptom control. It provid...

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There's growing evidence that the herpes virus responsible for cold sores also may cause Alzheimer's disease, a new research paper contends.

It's been long known that herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) can been found in the brains of elderly people with Alzheimer's disease, and research has shown that herpes increases Alzheimer's risk in people gen...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've created an enzyme that might one day reduce nicotine cravings in smokers.

The scientists gave the enzyme to nicotine-dependent rats and found it broke down nicotine in the bloodstream before it could reach the brain.

This quickly reduced the rats' nicotine dependence. It also prevented them from relapsing w...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A precision map of a part of the brain of the lowly mouse could be a potent new research tool against Alzheimer's, researchers say.

The highly detailed look at the mouse hippocampus should provide new insight into a range of brain diseases in humans, according to the research team from the University of Southern California.

That's...

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It pays to have back-up when serious illness strikes, judging from the legions of patients who turn to Web merchants selling customized medical information about specialists, clinical trials, and treatments. But the true value of such services, which cost $75 to $550 or more, isn't clear. Among the believers is Edward Barr, 71, a food manufacturer in Toronto, Ontario. Lying in intensive care after...

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