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Approved vaccines against the new coronavirus could begin to be distributed to the most at-risk Americans as early as mid-December, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease expert, said Thursday.

"And as we get into the first quarter of 2021 — January, February, March — more and more people will get vaccinated," he added in an

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • November 25, 2020
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  • Full Page
  • The number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the United States is likely to nearly double before President-elect Joe Biden's inauguration, researchers warn.

    Cases could rise from 11.4 million to 20 million by the end of January, according to a study published Nov. 23 in the journal Scientific Reports. Of course, counts vary day to day -- as of Tuesday, for example, there were 12.4 m...

    People infected with the new coronavirus are most contagious in the first week after they develop symptoms, which shows the importance of identifying and isolating infected people early, researchers say.

    They reviewed 79 studies and clinical trials, including 73 that included hospitalized COVID-19 patients only.

    SARS-CoV-2 viral load appears to peak in the upper respiratory tract --...

    Children should be included in COVID-19 vaccine trials at the earliest possible stage, a leading group of U.S. pediatricians says.

    If that's not done, youngsters' lives could be at risk, according to the 67,000-member American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

    "If we do not add children to these research trials very soon, there will be a significant delay in when children are able to ac...

    Pregnant women with COVID-19 have little risk of developing severe symptoms, as do their newborns, a new study finds.

    In fact, 95% of these women have good outcomes, and just 3% of their babies test positive for COVID-19, researchers say.

    "For 5% of COVID-19-positive pregnant women, however -- those who get very sick -- the risks to both mother and baby are significant," said study ...

    The first rapid coronavirus test that can be taken at home with results delivered in 30 minutes was cleared for emergency use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday.

    The simple nasal swab test, developed by Lucira Health, requires a prescription and people under the age of 14 can't perform the test on themselves, the FDA said in a statement.

    The California company said...

    A Chinese COVID-19 vaccine seems to be safe and effective, early trial results suggest, but one expert says the findings should be regarded with caution.

    The CoronaVac vaccine is based on inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus. It was tested in a phase 1/2 clinical trial that included more than 700 healthy volunteers, ages 18-59, who were recruited in China between April 16 and May 5.

    The vac...

    As COVID-19 case numbers surge across the United States, some people are experiencing pandemic fatigue after many months of social distancing, mask wearing and quarantines.

    Experts from Penn State Health stressed the importance of continued vigilance and following established safety efforts to slow the spread of the virus, while also offering suggestions for minding mental health while b...

    Immunity to the new coronavirus may last six months or longer after people recover from infection, a new study suggests.

    Researchers collected blood samples from 149 patients who had COVID-19 early in the pandemic and analyzed them for immune cells that make antibodies that block the SARS-CoV-2 virus from entering cells.

    One month after infection, all of the patients had coronavirus...

    Face masks are a key tool in the fight against the coronavirus, but many people wonder if it's safe to wear a mask for a prolonged period. Some also question whether a mask can restrict oxygen intake or cause a buildup of carbon dioxide.

    "As a pulmonologist, I can assure you that for most people wearing a mask is safe," said Dr. Daniel Dilling, a critical care medicine specialist at Loyol...

    Climate change could increase people's risk of getting dangerous diseases from ticks, researchers warn.

    The investigators conducted tests with brown dog ticks that carry the bacteria that cause the deadly disease Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) and found the ticks are much more likely to prefer feeding on the blood of people than dogs when temperatures rise.

    Brown dog ticks are ...

    A deadly South American virus that causes Ebola-like bleeding can spread human-to-human, public health officials have learned from its second-ever outbreak.

    Public health investigators have reconstructed the path by which the Chapare virus spread from person to person during a 2019 outbreak in Bolivia, leaping from the initial patient to several health care workers.

    But while the ro...

    In a graphic illustration of the danger the new coronavirus poses to essential workers in America, a new study shows that as many as 74 million of these workers and their families are at increased risk for COVID-19.

    It gets worse: Of that number, up to 61% are at increased risk for severe COVID-19.

    "Public policymakers face important decisions about how to balance the economic benef...

    America's ongoing opioid epidemic is costing increasing numbers of addicts their eyesight, a new study reports.

    The number of drug addicts who developed vision-endangering eye infections quadrupled between 2003 and 2016, according to researchers.

    "For whatever reason, these infections have a propensity for often getting near the good center of vision. It's quite frequent for patient...

    A new study by Italian researchers finds that almost 17% of patients who fully recover from COVID-19 may still have the virus in follow-up screening.

    Those who have ongoing respiratory symptoms, especially sore throat and stuffy nose or congestion (rhinitis), are more likely to have a positive follow-up test, suggesting that these symptoms shouldn't be discounted in patients who recover f...

    Grocery workers are likely at greater risk of infection with the new coronavirus, a new study shows.

    Not only that, but because a high percentage of them have no symptoms when they are infected, they could become sources of future spread, the researchers said.

    For the study, Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health scientists studied the test results of workers at a sing...

    Nine million coronavirus cases. That was the somber threshold the United States crossed on Thursday, and it was accompanied by another record-breaking number: 90,000 new daily cases.

    Over the past week, the United States has recorded more than 500,000 new cases, The New York Times reported. That is an average of more than 77,000 cases a day. More total cases have been identified ...

    The COVID-19 pandemic is taking a significant toll on New York City transit workers, who are grappling with illness, anxiety and the loss of colleagues.

    About 24% of transit workers who participated in a pilot study led by New York University researchers reported having had COVID-19. About 76% said they knew a colleague who had died of the disease and 90% feared they also would get sick.<...

    The tiny droplets that linger in the air after people talk, cough or sneeze aren't very efficient at spreading the new coronavirus, new research suggests.

    Using laser technology, researchers measured the path of droplets released when people spoke or coughed.

    If someone enters a room a few minutes after a person with mild COVID-19 symptoms has coughed in that area, the odds...

    Testing of Eli Lilly's antibody drug for hospitalized COVID-19 patients has been halted because the treatment doesn't help them recover from their infection.

    Two weeks ago, enrollment in the study was paused because of a possible safety issue, the Associated Press reported. But the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, which sponsored the Lilly study, pull...

    Loss of smell is common in COVID-19, but fewer people say they have this symptom than objective tests reveal, a new study finds.

    In fact, about 77% of COVID-19 patients who were directly measured had smell loss, but only 44% said they did, researchers found.

    Direct measures of smell involve having patients smell and report on actual odors, while self-reporting incl...

    As the United States witnessed record-breaking daily coronavirus case counts over the weekend, public health experts warned that hospitals may soon reach a breaking point.

    More than 41,000 COVID-19 patients are hospitalized across the country, a 40 percent rise in the past month, The New York Times reported.

    But in sharp contrast to the early days of the pandemic, mor...

    Here's more proof that masking up reduces transmission of COVID-19: A new Massachusetts study found that wearing face coverings resulted in a decrease in coronavirus cases among health care workers as infections were increasing in the surrounding community.

    "We found clear benefits to universal masking for preventing infectious spread within the work environment," researcher Dr. Ste...

    The United States broke a bleak record on Friday, logging the highest daily number of new coronavirus cases since the pandemic began.

    The tally of over 80,000 new infections eclipses the previous record of 76,533 new cases set on July 17, during a surge in cases across the Sun Belt, the Washington Post reported.

    The country could soon be facing its worst stretch of th...

    The United States on Thursday recorded its second highest daily total of new coronavirus cases since the pandemic began, with 75,000 new infections, while eight states broke single-day records of new cases.

    Also on Thursday, the antiviral medicine remdesivir became the first drug to gain U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval to fight COVID-19.

    Such drugs are urgently n...

    A cough could spread a cloud of COVID-19 throughout a room, but a face mask can greatly shrink the size and spread of that cloud, a new study finds.

    In fact, the volume of the cloud without a mask is about seven times larger than with a surgical mask and 23 times larger than with an N95 mask, the researchers found.

    "We found that anything that reduces the distance traveled...

    In a move that widens the pool of people considered at risk for coronavirus infection, U.S. health officials released new guidance on Wednesday that redefines who's considered a "close contact" of an infected individual.

    The change, issued by the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, will likely have the biggest impact in group settings where people are in repeated contact w...

    More than half of all Americans have been personally affected by COVID-19 at this point in the pandemic, according to a new HealthDay-Harris Poll survey.

    The national survey was conducted by The Harris Poll between Oct. 8 and 12. It found that 55% of U.S. adults now say they know someone in their immediate or extended network of family and acquaintances who's been infected,...

    Dr. Anthony Fauci, the leading infectious disease expert in the United States, said on Wednesday he is "cautiously optimistic" that a COVID-19 vaccine will be ready by year's end.

    Against the backdrop of a pandemic that has claimed over 220,000 American lives, Fauci noted that the United States' "strategic approach" to vaccine development appears to be bearing fruit. Six U.S. companie...

    A third surge of coronavirus cases now has a firm grip on the United States, with an average of 59,000 new infections being reported across the country every day.

    That tally is the highest since the beginning of August, and the likelihood is high that the country will soon see the most new COVID-19 infections a day since the pandemic began, The New York Times reported.

    <...

    One of the reasons women may be less vulnerable to COVID-19 is because they're more likely to adhere to social distancing policies, a new survey suggests.

    A survey conducted in eight countries in March and April found substantial gender differences both in numbers of people who considered COVID-19 to be a serious health crisis and who agreed with public policies to help fight the pand...

    Promoting any emerging COVID-19 vaccine to a skeptical public could be tough.

    But a new survey finds vaccine uptake might rise if the shot is promoted by medical experts, not politicians, and if it's been proven safe and effective through a rigorous approval process.

    A vaccine shown to be highly effective in clinical trials with lasting protection and rare major side effects...

    TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Seeking to slow the spread of coronavirus, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended on Monday that face masks be worn by everyone in all public transportation settings.

    That includes both passengers and people working in stations, terminals and airports across the country, CBS News reported.

    So far, th...

    Medieval plague outbreaks in England picked up frightening speed in the 17th century, Canadian researchers report.

    Their analysis of historical documents covering 300 years showed that outbreaks of the plague doubled every 11 days in London during the 1600s, compared to every 43 days in the 14th century.

    "It is an astounding difference in how fast plague epidemics grew," sai...

    A coronavirus strain that has plagued the swine industry in recent years may have the ability to spread to people, researchers say.

    Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) has infected swine herds throughout China since its discovery in 2016, according to a new report.

    In lab tests, scientists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill showed that ...

    Three weeks after becoming the first big urban area to reopen public schools since the pandemic began, New York City is not seeing a feared surge in cases among students and staff.

    Instead, health officials are seeing a surprisingly small number of COVID-19 cases, The New York Times reported.

    Of 15,111 staff members and students tested randomly in the first wee...

    The number of new U.S. coronavirus cases topped 60,000 on Thursday, a tally not reported since early August, as health experts worried the coming winter might push the toll even higher.

    The latest numbers have also sent the country's total COVID-19 case count past 8 million, the The New York Times reported.

    The surge is nationwide, with cases multiplying across the co...

    In what will come as reassuring news to those who were born with a heart defect, new research finds these people aren't at increased risk for moderate or severe COVID-19.

    The study included more than 7,000 adults and children who were born with a heart defect (congenital heart disease) and followed by researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, in Ne...

    The nation's top infectious diseases expert warned Wednesday that Americans need to consider canceling family gatherings for Thanksgiving because coronavirus cases are now surging in 37 states.

    Dr. Anthony Fauci told CBS News that those surges might worsen if families across the country travel and gather for the beloved holiday.

    "That is unfortunately a risk, when you...

    There's more evidence that blood type may affect a person's risk for COVID-19 and severe illness from the disease.

    The findings are reported in a pair of studies published Oct. 14 in the journal Blood Advances.

    In one, researchers compared more than 473,000 people in Denmark with COVID-19 to more than 2.2 million people in the general population.

    Among the C...

    Coronavirus outbreaks in the Midwest and Western United States have driven the national case count to its highest level since August, fueling fears of what the coming winter will mean for the country.

    COVID-19 cases are starting to climb in 36 states, including parts of the Northeast, which is starting to backslide after months of progress, The New York Times reported. More tha...

    In some reassuring news on the coronavirus front, a new study finds that pregnant women with COVID-19 rarely infect their newborn.

    That finding suggests that it may not be necessary to separate infected mothers from their infants and that moms can continue to breastfeed, the researchers added.

    "Our findings should reassure expectant mothers with COVID-19 that basic infectio...

    A study to assess whether certain approved or experimental drugs are effective against COVID-19 and warrant testing in large clinical trials has been launched by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).

    The research will largely focus on monoclonal antibody medications. These types of drugs garnered headlines last week as President Donald Trump credited one such drug cocktail, ma...

    Bedside tests for COVID-19 may speed results and improve infection control, making them better than standard laboratory tests, a new study suggests.

    Results of the bedside test take about 2 hours, compared with 21 hours for PCR lab tests, the researchers said. These findings are from more than 1,000 British hospital patients tested with the QIAstat-Dx POCT test.

    Reducing t...

    A pair of new studies assert that the U.S. response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been a disaster, causing more deaths than thought and prolonging Americans' suffering more than any other country.

    The United States experienced a 20% increase over expected deaths between March and August 2020, with more than 225,500 people needlessly dying, said the lead researcher on the first stud...

    After a serious case of COVID-19 you may have long-lasting immunity, a new study finds.

    The finding is reassuring to patients because the immune system makes antibodies in response to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, the researchers said.

    "But there is a big knowledge gap in terms of how long these antibody responses last," said researcher Dr. Richelle Charles o...

    A second coronavirus vaccine trial was paused on Monday after an unexplained illness surfaced in one of the trial's volunteers.

    Johnson & Johnson, which only began a phase 3 trial of its vaccine last month, did not offer any more details on the illness and did not say whether the sick participant had received the vaccine or a placebo. The trial pause was first reported by the heal...

    Hours after President Donald Trump held a rally on the White House lawn for hundreds of supporters, his doctor said he is "no longer considered a transmission risk to others."

    In a memo released Saturday night, White House physician Dr. Sean Conley said he was sharing information about the status of Trump's coronavirus infection with permission from Trump, The New York Times re...

    COVID-19 symptoms can last a long time in pregnant women, researchers say.

    The new study included 594 pregnant women (average age 31) across the United States who tested positive for the new coronavirus but were not hospitalized. Nearly one-third were health care workers.

    On average, the women were about 24 weeks' pregnant when they joined the study.

    The most comm...

    Even as the nation's top infectious diseases expert said Friday that the White House experienced a "superspreader" event in the Rose Garden last month, President Donald Trump announced he will hold his first public event at the White House since testing positive for the coronavirus a week ago.

    The Saturday event, which will have Trump speaking from a balcony to a crowd of supporters o...