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Is Melanoma Suspected? Get 2nd Opinion From Specialist, Study Says

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Melanoma is the most lethal type of skin cancer, and a new study finds that the diagnosis of a suspect lesion gains accuracy when a specialist pathologist is brought on board.

Many patients with melanoma are first diagnosed by general practitioners, dermatologists or plastic surgeons. A biopsy sample of the suspect lesion might then be sent to...

Exercise Might Guard Against Heart Damage of Chemo

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Chemotherapy can be hard on the heart, but an individualized exercise program may mitigate some of that damage, new research suggests.

Heart problems are a common side effect in patients with cancer because cancer treatments can impair heart function and structure or accelerate development of heart disease, especially when patients have risk ...

New Treatment Offers Hope for Kids With Deadly Nerve Cancer

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early treatment with an immune-boosting therapy might improve the outlook of young children with an advanced form of cancer, a new small study suggests.

The trial involved 43 children with high-risk neuroblastoma, a cancer that starts in immature nerve cells. Researchers found that a new treatment approach -- involving an experimental antibo...

Head, Neck Melanomas Show Alarming Rise in Young Americans

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of deadly melanomas on the head and neck rose more than 51% over two decades among young people in the United States and Canada, a new study reports.

Researchers found that the incidence of head and neck melanoma rose nearly 4% a year from 1995 to 2001, and 1.2% a year from 2001 to 2014 in children and young adults.

...

Mouse Study Suggests Vaping Might Raise Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The nicotine in e-cigarette vapor appears to cause cancer in mice, a new lab study suggests.

The proportion of mice who developed lung cancer after a year's exposure to nicotine-laced e-cigarette vapor was about four times that of mice who breathed only filtered air, the researchers found.

Mice exposed to the nicotine vapor were even ...

Fungal Invasion May Drive Some Pancreatic Cancers

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fungi living in the gut can move into the pancreas, triggering changes to normal cells that can result in cancer, a new study suggests.

The finding could advance the prevention and treatment of pancreatic cancer, which is usually fatal because it's often detected too late. The disease has been in the news lately because "Jeopardy!" host Alex T...

Drug Trio Improves Odds Against Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A three-drug chemo cocktail appears to shrink tumors and improve survivorship among pancreatic cancer patients, a new, small study shows.

Tumors substantially shrank for just over 71% of patients treated with a three-drug regimen of nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine and platinum-based cisplatin, the researchers found.

Further, 16 pati...

Despite Rise in New Cases, Breast Cancer Deaths Continue to Fall

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Deaths from breast cancer are still declining in the United States, even as more women are being diagnosed with the disease, a new report shows.

Researchers from the American Cancer Society found that the national decline in breast cancer deaths, which began about 30 years ago, is still evident. Between 1989 and 2017, the overall death rate ...

Childhood TB Shot May Offer Long-Term Protection from Lung Cancer

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A tuberculosis vaccine commonly used in other parts of the world might reduce a person's risk of developing lung cancer if given early in childhood, a six-decade-long study reports.

The Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is the only vaccine approved for preventing tuberculosis (TB) -- a potentially fatal infectious disease that typically a...

Carnivores' Comeback: Review Supports Red Meat in Diet

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There's a lurking dread in the back of the minds of many people who love steak, burgers and bacon -- the fear that what they enjoy eating might not be doing their health any favors.

But a major new review argues that folks can set those fears aside.

Cutting back on consumption of red meat or processed meat will not significantly red...

Radiation for Head and Neck Cancer May Cause Problems Years Later

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ten years after radiation treatment for head and neck cancer, some patients may develop problems speaking and swallowing, a new study finds.

These problems are related to radiation damage to the cranial nerves, the researchers explained. The condition is called radiation-induced cranial neuropathy.

"We had always thought that radiat...

Gene-Based Therapy Helps Fight Advanced Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A drug that targets faulty gene repair may buy more time for some men with advanced prostate cancer, a new clinical trial finds.

Experts called the study "landmark," because it zeroed in on men with particular gene mutations that can be targeted with newer drug therapies. It's an approach that is already used in treating breast, ovarian and l...

Radiation Right After Surgery Might Not Help Prostate Cancer Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In the largest investigation of its kind, researchers conclude that subjecting prostate cancer patients to radiation therapy immediately after surgery doesn't give them an advantage in staying cancer-free.

The finding stems from a review of four studies that together tracked outcomes for more than 3,500 prostate cancer patients from multiple ...

Many Poor, Minority Seniors Get Cancer Diagnosis in the ER

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- If you are a senior who is poor or from a minority group, the chances may be higher that you could receive a cancer diagnosis in the emergency room, a new study suggests.

Cancer is typically diagnosed by a specialist, but 20% to 50% of cancers are only caught during an ER visit, researchers said.

"Emergency room detection ...

U.S. Minorities' Recent Health Gains May Be Slowing

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The gap in death rates between U.S. whites and minority groups has been narrowing in recent years, but a new study suggests that trend stopped between 2009 and 2012.

"After years of progress in reducing racial/ethnic mortality disparities, our study shows that progress among most racial/ethnic and age groups has stalled and/or reversed in th...

Can Aspirin Help Tackle Some Cancers?

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin may improve survival odds for patients battling head/neck and lung cancer, two new studies suggest.

The first reviewed data on 460 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) or early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

That study concluded that taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug su...

Don't Let Fear of Cancer Keep You From Doctor Visits

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- As terrified as you might be of a possible cancer diagnosis from your doctor, a new study warns that you still need to keep your appointment.

Why? Patients who blow off appointments for cancer symptoms are 12% more likely to die within a year of diagnosis, British researchers report.

Those most likely to skip appointments are me...

Hysterectomy Procedure Tied to Worse Cancer Outcomes

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women who must have their uterus removed should be wary of a procedure called uncontained uterine power morcellation, Yale University researchers warn.

This once common surgical option for hysterectomy or myomectomy (removal of uterine fibroids) has been linked to worse outcomes for patients with undiagnosed uterine cancer at the time of su...

Doubt Over Long-Term Use of Hormone Rx for Recurrent Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Running contrary to current guidelines, new research suggests that use of hormone-suppressing treatment over the long term may not help some men battling recurrent prostate cancer, and may even cause harm.

In fact, the study found that long-term hormone therapy was tied to a raised risk of death from other causes for some patients who receiv...

At-Risk Men May Also Benefit From Regular Mammograms

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mammography has saved hundreds of thousands of lives by detecting breast cancer early in women.

Could such regular X-ray screening also help men?

A new study argues there's potential benefit in regular mammograms for men who are at high risk of breast cancer.

Mammography accurately detected dozens of cases of breast cancer in n...

High-Dose Radiation a Game Changer in Fighting Deadly Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In what might be a major breakthrough, researchers report that high doses of radiation dramatically prolonged survival in men battling an advanced and aggressive form of prostate cancer.

This particular type of cancer occurs when tumors resurface and spread to a number of areas beyond the prostate among patients who were in remission follow...

Scientists Find Unsafe Levels of Known Carcinogen in Menthol E-Cigarettes

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- As doctors race to determine what is causing sudden and severe lung illnesses among some vapers, new research discovers dangerously high levels of a known carcinogen in menthol-flavored electronic cigarettes.

The chemical (pulegone) is used as a menthol and mint flavoring, even though it was recently banned in foods, the researchers said.

...

Where Women's Health Clinics Close, Cervical Cancer Outcomes Worsen

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- As government funding dried up and many women's health clinics across America closed, cervical cancer screening rates fell and deaths from the disease rose, a new report shows.

Nearly 100 women's health clinics in the United States closed between 2010 and 2013, researchers said -- often due to the passage of more restrictive laws or the loss ...

Most Americans in the Dark About Cancer-Causing HPV, Survey Finds

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among Americans aged 18 to 26, two-thirds of men and one-third of women still do not know that the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer, a new survey finds.

The survey findings also showed that more than 70% of American adults don't know that the common sexually transmitted infection can cause anal, penile an...

Lung Cancer Screening Can Detect Other Smoking Ills

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- CT lung cancer screening can detect other serious smoking-related conditions, such as heart disease, osteoporosis and emphysema, researchers say.

Medical experts consider lung cancer screening an effective way to detect malignant tumors at earlier, more treatable stages. Now, new research suggests low-dose CT scans of the lungs could also i...

What Is Your Risk for Prostate Cancer?

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in American men, so it's important to know the risk factors and warning signs, an expert says.

The American Cancer Society estimates there will be nearly 175,000 new prostate cancer cases in the United States this year and over 31,000 deaths. One in nine men will be diagnosed with prostate ca...

Cancer Drugs Sometimes Work in Unexpected Ways: Study

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ten cancer drugs being tested in human clinical trials appear to work -- but not in the ways their developers thought they would, researchers say.

"The idea for many of these drugs is that they block the function of a certain protein in cancer cells. And what we showed is that most of these drugs don't work by blocking the function of the...

Would a Health Warning on Every Cigarette Help Smokers Quit?

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Health warnings on individual cigarettes could be a more powerful way to coax smokers to quit than warnings on packages, British researchers say.

They assessed the reactions of 120 smokers, 16 and older, to the warning "Smoking kills" printed on individual cigarettes.

Smokers said the warnings could potentially work.

They...

Study Points to Herd Immunity Against HPV in Unvaccinated U.S. Adults

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The United States could be approaching a state of herd immunity against human papillomavirus (HPV), a virus linked to several cancers.

Oral HPV infections declined by 37% among unvaccinated 18- to 59-year-old men between 2009 and 2016, according to a Sept. 10 report in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

That in...

Cancer Patients Turning to Crowdfunding to Help Pay Medical Costs

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer takes a huge emotional toll on patients, but a new study finds the financial costs are also so high that many are resorting to crowdfunding to help pay their medical bills and related costs.

"The financial consequences of cancer care for patients and their families are substantial," said senior and corresponding author Dr. Benjamin Br...

PTSD a Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer?

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may make a woman more vulnerable to ovarian cancer, a new study suggests.

Researchers analyzed data from a national study of nearly 55,000 U.S. women and concluded that those who'd had six to seven symptoms of PTSD -- such as being easily startled by common noises or avoiding reminders of...

Colon Cancer Rates Rising Among the Young in Wealthy Nations

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Colon cancer rates among young adults are on the rise in the United States, Canada and seven other wealthy nations, even though rates among older adults are down or stable, a new study finds.

The researchers analyzed data for 36 countries and found that over the past 10 years, colon cancer rates among people under age 50 were stable in 14 co...

Paperwork, High Costs Could Mean Worse Survival for Lung Cancer Patients

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs called tyrosine kinase inhibitors can help certain patients with advanced lung cancer live longer and better. But high out-of-pocket costs might stand in the way, a preliminary study suggests.

Researchers found that of 106 patients who started tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for advanced lung cancer, one-quarter with the highest out-o...

Cancer Overtakes Heart Disease as #1 Killer of Middle-Aged in Wealthy Nations

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Heart disease still claims the lives of more people globally, but in more affluent nations it has now ceded its place as the leading killer to cancer, a major new report finds.

Around the world, 40% of all deaths are caused by heart disease, making it the number one global killer. That means that of the estimated 55 million people who die...

Major Study Gives Women More Guidance on Hormone Therapy During Menopause

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive hormone therapy to help ease menopausal symptoms have an increased risk of breast cancer, which can persist long after they stop the therapy, a new study confirms.

The new review -- which included data from 58 studies involving nearly 109,000 women from around the world -- is the latest chapter in the ongoing story of these...

Exercise Is Good Medicine for Advanced Colon Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Waging a successful battle against advanced colon cancer should include regular doses of exercise, a new study suggests.

It found that physical activity was associated with slower cancer progression and reductions in severe treatment side effects in more than 1,200 patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Exercise -- even low-intensity a...

Can Breast Cancer Be a Risk Factor for Opioid Use Among Older Patients?

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Dealing with breast cancer is tough, and the depression and anxiety that can come with the diagnosis can up the risk of using opioids while lowering survival rates in older women, a new study finds.

Previous research suggests that about 40% of breast cancer patients have some type of mental health diagnosis.

In this study, resea...

Childhood Cancer Survivors Struggle With Heart Troubles

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The treatments that childhood cancer patients receive often save their lives, but they also make survivors prone to heart troubles, a new study finds.

For the study, researchers examined heart disease rates in nearly 7,300 childhood cancer survivors (diagnosed at an average age of 7) and a "control group" of more than 36,000 people without can...

Staying Optimistic Might Lengthen Your Life, Study Shows

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An upbeat view of life may increase your odds for living to a ripe old age, new research suggests.

The finding stems from a look at optimism and longevity among nearly 70,000 women and 1,400 men. It builds on earlier research linking higher levels of optimism to lower risks of chronic illness and premature death.

"This study took us...

Vaping May Trigger Lung Damage Like That Seen in Emphysema

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The health profile of vaping just took another knock: New research suggests that e-cigarettes can cause the same lung changes that lead to emphysema in smokers.

Researchers tested lung fluid from 41 people -- nonsmokers, smokers and people who vape -- and found that the lungs of both smokers and vapers had elevated levels of protease enzymes, ...

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Treated for Pancreatic Cancer

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has just finished treatment for pancreatic cancer, the U.S. Supreme Court announced Friday.

After the tumor was first diagnosed in late July, Ginsburg was given a three-week course of focused radiation at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, the court said in a statement. A bile duct stent was pl...

HPV Vaccination Rate in U.S. Girls Has Stalled

THURSDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- While there's been a slight uptick in the number of American boys who get the HPV vaccine to help prevent certain cancers, a new study finds there's been almost no increase for girls.

And overall, too few kids are getting the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (Gardasil, Cervarix), which can help provide them with a lifetime of protection against ...

Drug Offers Hope Against a Tough-to-Treat Blood Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with a form of blood cancer known as multiple myeloma who haven't responded to other therapies might have a new weapon against the disease, researchers say.

A drug called selinexor appeared to help patients with the blood and bone marrow cancer, according to a clinical trial involving 122 people.

"This study proved that a...

More Antibiotics, Higher Odds for Colon Cancer?

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Taking certain antibiotics -- especially multiple times or for long courses -- may put you at risk for colon cancer, a large new study suggests.

The researchers found that as people's antibiotic use increased, their odds of being diagnosed with colon cancer inched up. Specifically, the risk was tied to antibiotics that kill anaerobic bacter...

U.S. Task Force Updates Breast Cancer Gene Testing Recommendations

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mutations in two genes -- BRCA1 and BRCA2 -- are known to significantly increase the risk of breast cancer, but experts have long debated which women should be tested for them.

New recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) may help clarify who can benefit most from a risk assessment test. Now, if a woman has a hig...

New Treatments Could Be Powerful Weapons Against Brain Tumors

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New therapies are showing real promise in fighting the type of brain cancer that claimed the lives of Sens. John McCain and Ted Kennedy, a pair of new clinical trials shows.

One experimental treatment injects powerful genes directly into a brain tumor, and then uses pills to turn the genes on and off. That way, the genes can attack the canc...

America's Obesity Epidemic May Mean Some Cancers Are Striking Sooner

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Since the turn of the century, American obesity rates have skyrocketed. And now a new study indicates that as the nation's waistlines expand, cancers long linked to obesity are striking the middle-aged more than ever before.

The finding follows a review of data on more than 6 million white, black and Hispanic cancer patients diagnosed betwe...

Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Might Harm the Heart: Study

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When men have both advanced prostate cancer and heart disease, treatment may pose a dilemma: Newer hormonal therapies that can slow the cancer down might also be risky for their hearts, a new study finds.

Once prostate cancer spreads beyond the gland, one of the mainstays of treatment is hormone therapy. The aim is to prevent androgens ("male...

Caring Doctors Can Be Life-Changing for Diabetic Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A kind, understanding doctor could spell the difference between life or death for diabetes patients, a new study suggests.

British researchers found that patients had a lower risk of early death if their primary care doctor exhibited empathy.

The study included 628 patients in the U.K. with type 2 diabetes. A year after their diagnos...

New Study Finds a Family Risk for Blood Cancer

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- If a close relative has had blood cancer, you're more likely to get it, a large new study reports.

The researchers analyzed data from 16 million people in Sweden, including more than 153,000 diagnosed with blood cancer and more than 391,000 of their first-degree relatives: parents, siblings or children.

Patients with a family link ...

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