FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Learning more about firefighters' increased risk for certain cancers is the aim of a voluntary registry being created by the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
It's seeking more than 1.1 million firefighters to participate in the National Firefighter Registry.
MONDAY, March 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- State Medicaid programs must do more to make sure that people at high risk for lung cancer are screened for the deadly disease, a new American Lung Association report says.
Medicaid is the public assistance program offering health care coverage for low-income Americans. Medicaid coverage for screening high-risk people varies widely between st...
WEDNESDAY, March 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The term artificial intelligence (AI) might bring to mind robots or self-driving cars. But one group of researchers is using a type of AI to improve lung cancer screening.
Screening is important for early diagnosis and improved survival odds, but the current lung cancer screening method has a 96 percent false positive rate.
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new report from the American Cancer Society brings good news and bad news for black Americans.
The number of black lives lost to cancer is falling, the report finds, and at a faster rate than observed among whites. That's helping to close a decades-long "race gap" in cancer deaths between blacks and whites.
TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Over the past 25 years, the number of Americans who have died from cancer has dropped dramatically, though racial and economic disparities persist, a new study reveals.
Between 1991 and 2016, deaths from cancer dropped 27 percent. In real numbers, that's almost 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths, according to the American Cancer Society.
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has been discharged from the hospital following surgery for lung cancer last week.
"Justice Ginsburg was discharged from the hospital yesterday and is recuperating at home," said Kathleen Arberg, public information officer for the Supreme Court, in an email to reporters on Wednesday.
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans take angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to lower their blood pressure, but a new study suggests they might also increase their odds of developing lung cancer.
Among people taking these drugs for more than five years, the increased risk may be as high as 14 percent. Although that seems a small number, it cou...
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists say they're researching a way to destroy cancer cells that travel to other parts of the body.
Many cancers become especially dangerous only when they spread (metastasize) from the initial location to other tissues such as the lungs, brain or bone, the University of Colorado Cancer Center researchers explained.
TUESDAY, Aug. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- E-cigarettes have been touted as a safer alternative to smoking, but the vapor they create might harm lung tissue much like regular cigarettes do, British researchers report.
With or without nicotine, e-cigarette vapor increases inflammation and disables cells that protect lung tissue, human tissue tests reveal. Harming these cells makes the...
MONDAY, Aug. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The potential risks of lung cancer screening are often left out when doctors and patients discuss the issue, a new report suggests.
Early detection of lung cancer can save lives, and lung cancer screening is recommended for high-risk current and former smokers. But the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and other organizations say that doctor...
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As women around the world wage war against cancer, good news on the breast cancer front is tempered by predictions that lung cancer deaths could rise more than 40 percent.
Researchers in Spain reported that between 2015 and 2030, lung cancer deaths among women worldwide will likely increase 43 percent.
MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term antiviral treatment cuts the risk of cancer in HIV patients as they age, a new study says.
People with HIV are at increased risk for both AIDS-related cancers (Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or invasive cervical cancer) and non-AIDS-related cancers (lung and larynx cancer, melanoma and leukemia).
WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a reversal of historical patterns, lung cancer is now more common among young U.S. women than men, a new study finds.
The good news, researchers found, is that over the past two decades, lung cancer rates among 35- to 54-year-old Americans have dropped across the board. But the decline has been steeper among men so that now, incidence of ...
WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Less than 2 percent of the 7 million Americans who are or once were heavy smokers get screened for lung cancer, new research shows.
"Our analysis reveals a markedly low and inadequate rate of lung cancer screening for both 2016 and 2017," said study author Dr. Danh Pham. He's a chief fellow in the department of hematology/oncology at the Un...
THURSDAY, April 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Tattoos serve many purposes, perhaps expressing artistry, loyalty or love. Now, scientists working with mice say they've engineered a medical "tattoo" that can screen for early signs of major disease.
The biomedical tattoo is made up of cells embedded with sensors that measure levels of blood calcium.
MONDAY, April 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs designed to trigger a patient's immune system may help boost survival for those battling lung cancer, two new studies found.
The first study found that when the immunotherapy drug Keytruda (pembrolizumab) was combined with standard chemotherapy, the chance that a patient would die within the next 11 months plummeted by more than 50 perc...
FRIDAY, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer death rates among women have fallen in much of the United States, but have increased in two regions where smoking is more common, a new study finds.
The first cluster or "hot spot" comprises 669 counties in Appalachia and the Midwest, and the second is 81 counties in the northern Midwest, according to the analysis of U.S. Nationa...
THURSDAY, March 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an unprecedented move, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday said it plans to cut the amount of addictive nicotine in the nation's cigarettes.
The goal is to lower the amount of nicotine to minimally or non-addictive levels, the agency said.
"We see a historic opportunity here to use that product standard to potenti...
FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer patients can halve their risk of postop complications by taking up an exercise program before their surgery, a new report suggests.
For the study, researchers analyzed reports on 13 clinical trials that included a total of over 800 people who had surgery for cancer. The patients had been treated for cancer of the bowel, liver, esoph...
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer survival rates are improving worldwide, but poorer countries are seeing less improvement than wealthier ones, a new study shows.
Researchers analyzed data from 2000 to 2014 to assess five-year cancer survival rates among 37.5 million children and adults diagnosed with one of 18 common cancers. These patients were from 71 countries an...
MONDAY, Jan. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The nicotine in e-cigarettes seems to damage DNA in ways that may increase cancer risk, a new study in mice suggests.
The damage was seen both to DNA and its ability to repair itself, making cells more likely to mutate and develop into cancer, said lead researcher Moon-shong Tang, a professor of environmental medicine at New York University S...
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Chemotherapy and radiation are the standard of care for small-cell lung cancer that hasn't spread to other parts of the body. But many patients don't receive these treatments, a new study indicates.
This less-than-optimal care is reducing survival rates, according to researchers from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
THURSDAY, Jan. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Better cancer detection and treatments, not to mention lots of people quitting smoking, have fueled a 20-year drop in deaths from the disease, a new report shows.
That means more than 2 million lives have been saved, the American Cancer Society statistics indicate.
"It's pretty staggering that 2.4 million deaths have been avoided ov...
FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case that investigators say is a first, a lung cancer drug unmasked and then attacked the kind of HIV-infected cells that standard antiretroviral therapy has been unable to touch.
The finding was reported on Dec. 1, which is also World AIDS Day, in the Annals of Oncology.
While one AIDS expert said the findings were promis...
MONDAY, Oct. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who vape e-cigarettes with higher nicotine levels are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes soon after, new research shows.
"We know that teens who vape e-cigarettes are much more likely to become conventional cigarette smokers," said study lead researcher Adam Leventhal. "Our study suggests that the nicotine in e-cigarett...
Linking cigarettes and cancer
In the early 1960s, researchers at Brown and Williamson, one of the world's largest tobacco companies, made a sickening discovery: Smoking could cause lung cancer. In public, the company claimed cigarettes were perfectly safe. Behind closed doors, their scientists searched for ways to remove cancer-causing compounds from cigarettes.
As their own internal documents sho...
Smoking is a dangerous habit -- and not just for people who light up. Secondhand smoke contains many of the same irritants, toxins, and cancer-causing compounds that plague smokers. If you spend any time in smoke-filled bars, restaurants, homes, or offices, you should know the facts about this health hazard. Take this short quiz to test your secondhand smoke IQ.
1. According to the best current ...