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Why C-Section Babies Need 2 Doses of Measles Vaccine

Babies born by C-section are unlikely to receive protection from a single dose of measles vaccine, a new study finds.

A single measles jab is up to 2.6 times more likely to be completely ineffective in C-section babies, compared to those born vaginally. Their immu...

U.S. Measles Cases Reach 125, Surpassing Recent Peak in 2022

Measles infections continue to spread across the country, with 125 cases now reported in 18 states, new U.S. government data shows.

That is more cases than were reported in all of 2022, the most recent annual peak for measles infections, the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention rep...

Spike in Measles Cases Could Threaten Elimination Status in U.S.: CDC

More than 100 measles cases have already been reported in the United States this year, a significant increase over previous years that threatens the country's attempts to eliminate the illness, federal health officials warned Thursday.

A total of 338 measles cases were diagnosed in the United States from January 2020 through March 2024, with 97 of those cases reported in 2024 alone, a n...

CDC, AMA Issue Calls to Get Vaccinated Against Measles

Two of America's leading health organizations are highlighting a global rise in measles cases as yet another reason for families to make sure they get the measles vaccine.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Medical Association (wh...

Measles Outbreaks Have CDC Tweaking Travel Guidelines

As millions of Americans prepare to travel abroad this summer and measles outbreaks increase worldwide, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has tightened its guidance on how travelers should handle the potential health threat.

Americans planning to fly to other countries should consult their doctors at least six weeks before they leave, if they are unsure ...

Measles Cases Climb to 4 at Chicago Migrant Shelter Outbreak

As the number of measles cases at a migrant shelter in Chicago climbed to four on Monday, a team from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has headed to that city to help contain the outbreak.

The Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH)

  • Robin Foster HealthDay Reporter
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  • March 12, 2024
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  • Vaccines Protect You & Your Kids From Measles: FDA

    As new outbreaks of measles -- a once nearly eliminated illness in the United States -- continue to emerge, experts remind Americans that there's an easy way to stop infection: Get vaccinated.

    "Measles spreads so easily that if one person has it, 90% of the people close to that person who are not vaccinated or otherwise immune will also become infected," the U.S. Food and Drug Administrat...

    What Is Measles, and How Can I Shield Myself & My Family?

    Once thought to be a bygone disease, measles is making a comeback in the United States and globally as folks shun a safe, surefire way to prevent it: The measles vaccine.

    But what is measles, and how easily does it spread? Drs. Aaron Milstone and

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 28, 2024
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  • Florida Surgeon General Defies CDC Guidance Amid School Measles Outbreak

    Amid an outbreak of measles at a Florida elementary school, the state's surgeon general has defied federal health guidance and told parents it's up to them whether they want to keep their unvaccinated child home to avoid infection.

    In a letter to parents of children attendin...

    WHO Reports 79% Increase in Measles Cases Worldwide

    Measles cases around the globe have climbed 79%, with over 300,000 cases reported last year, World Health Organization officials said Tuesday.

    The U.N. health agency said it did not yet have a tally for measles deaths in 2023, but it expects that number will also rise.

    "In 2022, the number of deaths increased by 43%, according to our models, to more than 130,000 deaths occurring fro...

    In Rare Cases, Measles Mutates in Brain and Kills

    Measles is incredibly contagious, and outbreaks are more common now as people decide against vaccinating their kids.

    Now, a case involving a rare but fatal brain disease caused by the measles virus may make some rethink that decision.

    The patient caught measles as a child. It took years for the virus to migrate to their brain, where it mutated and caused the fatal illness, according...

    Measles Cases Surge Worldwide, Killing 136,000 Last Year

    Measles deaths are surging worldwide, prompted by a wave of infections among unvaccinated children, public health experts say.

    Deaths from measles increased by 43% globally in 2022 compared to the year before, resulting from an 18% increase in measles cases, the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say in a new report published Thursday.


    Measles Outbreak in Ohio Declared Over After 85 Cases

    A central Ohio measles outbreak among children who were not fully vaccinated is now over, public health officials announced Saturday.

    Columbus Health declared the outbreak finished with no new cases after a period of 42 days -- the equivalent of two measles virus incubation periods.

    In all, ...

    Too Few Kids Are Getting Recommended Vaccines, CDC Warns

    Vaccinations among kindergarteners declined for the second year in a row, leaving hundreds of thousands of young children vulnerable to dangerous infectious diseases, U.S. health officials reported Thursday.

    About 93% of kindergarteners had their required vaccinations during the 2021-2022 school year, including the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis, polio and chick...

    Measles Outbreak in Ohio Infects 82 Kids, Most of Them Unvaccinated

    A measles outbreak in central Ohio has now infected at least 82 children.

    Most of those impacted by the outbreak have been under the age of 5, state officials reported. Since details of the first measles cases were announced last month by Columbus Public H...

    More Than a Third of U.S. Parents Now Oppose Routine School Vaccinations

    The pandemic's focus on vaccines may have had a big downside: While kids have long been required to get certain shots to attend public school, a growing number of their parents now oppose these requirements, a new poll finds.

    About 35% of parents now say childhood vaccines for measles, mumps and rubella should not be mandatory, up from 23% in 2019. Overall, 28% of adults nationwide say pa...

    25 Million Kids Missed Routine Vaccinations Worldwide in 2021

    Roughly 25 million children around the world missed critical vaccinations during 2021, as the pandemic continued to disrupt routine medical care, a new report from the World Health Organization and UNICEF shows.

    "This is a red alert for child health. We are witnessing the largest sustained drop in childhood immu...

    Childhood Vaccination Rates Slipped During Pandemic: CDC

    Many kindergartners fell behind on their childhood vaccinations during the pandemic, U.S. health officials warned Thursday.

    The drop has not been precipitous: About 94% of kindergarteners had their required vaccines during the 2020-2021 school year, a drop of about one percentage point and just below the 95% vaccination target, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in a...

    WHO, CDC Warn of Measles Threat After 22 Million Infants Miss Shots During Pandemic

    The world faces an increased risk of a measles outbreak because 22 million infants did not get their measles shots last year due to the pandemic, the World Health Organization and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned Wednesday.

    They said that 3 million fewer infants were vaccinated against measles in 2020 than in 2019, and just 70% of infants received both doses of the t...

    Driven by Anti-Vaxxers, Measles Outbreaks Cost Everyone Money

    A single measles outbreak cost one U.S. county $3.4 million, a new government study estimates, underscoring the societal burden of inadequate vaccination rates.

    The outbreak occurred in Clark County, Wash., in early 2019, and ultimately infected 71 people -- mostly children younger than 10 who hadn't received the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.

    The county's low MMR coverage is ...

    Vaccines Saved 37 Million Lives, Mostly Children, Over Past Two Decades

    They're medical miracles: A new report finds that vaccines against 10 major diseases prevented 37 million deaths between 2000 and 2019 in low- and middle-income countries worldwide, with young children benefiting most.

    Vaccinations are also projected to prevent a total of 69 million deaths between 2000 and 2030, researchers say.

    Their modeling study also shows that vaccination again...

    Could the MMR Vaccine Help Prevent COVID-19? New Trial May Tell

    A new clinical trial will try to determine whether the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine can protect health care workers from being infected with COVID-19.

    Hundreds of millions of people have received the MMR vaccine since it was developed nearly 50 years ago. It's usually given to children before age 6. Growing evidence suggests that the vaccine may also prevent COVID-19.


    In NYC at Least, Routine Child Vaccinations Rebound After Lockdown

    After the COVID-19 pandemic had millions of New Yorkers in lockdown, the rate of routine child vaccinations plummeted -- as it did in cities across the United States.

    That had pediatricians worried that a second wave of illness outbreaks -- measles, whooping cough, mumps -- might follow as large groups of kids were left vulnerable.

    But a new report from the nation's largest ...

    About 1 in 15 Parents 'Hesitant' About Child Vaccines: Survey

    One-quarter of U.S. parents are hesitant about seasonal flu shots for their kids, and roughly 1 in 15 feel the same way about routine childhood vaccinations, a nationwide study finds.

    The issue has gained added urgency this year, as fears around coronavirus keep many parents from bringing their kids to the doctor -- including routine vaccinations.

    Twelve percent of the nearl...

    Last Year's NYC Measles Outbreak Has Lessons for COVID Crisis

    In a finding that could help guide the response to the coronavirus pandemic, new research shows that a measles outbreak that struck New York City last year could have been much worse if the city had not launched a vaccine campaign.

    The measles outbreak -- the largest in the United States in nearly three decades -- ultimately sickened 649 people. Most were children in a Brooklyn Orthod...

    Study Confirms Safety, Effectiveness of Children's Vaccines

    Vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chickenpox) are highly effective and do not cause autism, say researchers who reviewed 138 studies that included 23 million children.

    "In terms of safety, we know from previous studies all around the world that the risks posed by these diseases far outweigh those of the vaccines administered to prevent them," said lead author Dr. Car...

    Social Media Stokes Myths About Vaccines

    Nearly 1 in 5 American adults has mistaken beliefs about vaccines, and misinformation is more common among those who rely on social media than on traditional media, a new study finds.

    Researchers surveyed nearly 2,500 adults nationwide in the spring and fall of 2019, when the United States was dealing with its largest measles outbreak in decades, and found that up to 20% of respon...

    Measles Complications Can Affect Every Organ: Study

    Hepatitis, appendicitis and viral meningitis are among the serious complications that can occur when you get the measles, doctors warn in a new report.

    The study -- which outlines cases involving three adults who developed major complications -- is also a reminder of the importance of vaccination against the illness.

    Measles is highly contagious, but it's also easily prevent...

    Vaping, Opioids and 'Anti-Vaxxers' Top Health Stories of 2019

    The scourge of addiction among Americans young and old made big headlines in 2019, as did one big change in heart health guidelines.

    Here are the top health stories of the past year, as compiled by editors at HealthDay.

    Vaping takes hold, and new dangers emerge

    Perhaps no health issue dominated headlines this past year as much as the surge in vaping r...

    Vaccinations Rose After California Curbed Exemptions

    If new research is any indication, tougher vaccine exemption laws work.

    After California eliminated nonmedical exemptions from vaccinations in 2016, the number of children receiving recommended immunizations rose -- especially in counties where "vaccine hesitancy" runs high, a new analysis found.

    The policy -- passed in response to outbreaks of measles and other "old" childh...

    Many Kids Traveling Overseas Aren't Vaccinated Against Measles

    Many American kids aren't vaccinated against measles before they travel overseas to areas where the disease is endemic, a new study finds.

    Nearly 60% of these children hadn't received the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination before going abroad. This year, the more than 1,200 cases of measles reported in the United States were largely the result of people returning from trips ...

    Infants May Not Be as Immune to Measles as Thought

    A surprising new study upends the notion that antibodies passed from mother to fetus protect infants from measles for as much as a year.

    In fact, infants' immunity wanes much more rapidly than once thought, researchers report in the December issue of Pediatrics. The finding drives home the importance of community-wide immunizations.

    "Measles is a serious disease, pa...

    As Disease Outbreaks Tied to 'Anti-Vaxxers' Rise, States Take Action

    Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases are on the across rise in the United States, often fueled by "anti-vaxxer" parents reluctant to immunize their kids.

    However, states are countering these trends with laws to boost childhood vaccination rates and safeguard children, a new study finds.

    "Vaccines are our best public health tool for controlling many childhood diseases," ...

    Measles Leaves People More Vulnerable to Future Infections

    People who contract measles aren't out of the woods after their rash fades and their fever subsides.

    They're then more vulnerable to other bacterial and viral infections -- even those they've already been vaccinated against or have had before.

    That's because measles virus attacks the cells that serve as the immune system's memory, wiping out established resistance to diseas...

    Some People Vaccinated Against Mumps May Not Be Protected: Study

    There are gaps in immunity against mumps among college-aged Americans who were vaccinated in childhood, researchers say.

    New findings show the need to learn more about the immune system response to mumps and mumps vaccination.

    Mumps is a highly contagious viral disease that can spread rapidly among people in close living quarters, such as college students and sports teams. I...

    Texas Cities Are Ripe for Measles Outbreaks, Study Finds

    Texas cities are in danger of major measles outbreaks because an alarming number of school kids are unvaccinated, researchers warn.

    Vaccination rates in the state have declined since 2003 and a computer simulation by University of Pittsburgh researchers found that an additional 5% decrease could increase the size of a measles outbreak by as much as 4,000% in some cities.


    Vulnerable Preemie Babies Often Behind On Vaccines

    Preemies often lag behind full-term babies in getting routine vaccinations -- and the difference remains at age 3, a new study finds.

    Misguided parental "hesitancy" over the safety of vaccines for preemies might be to blame, researchers said.

    The study found that preterm babies were less likely to be up-to-date on seven recommended vaccines by 19 months of age. More than hal...

    Traveling Abroad? Make Sure Your Measles Shot Is Up to Date

    Due to waning vaccination levels in some areas, measles outbreaks are back with a vengeance.

    But many globe-trotting Americans may not realize the problem is worldwide. Therefore, making sure your measles vaccination is up to date is paramount before jetting off.

    In fact, U.S. outbreaks of measles "are usually started by foreign travelers importing the virus to the U.S.," ac...

    Heading to Europe This Summer? Get Your Measles Shot

    As Europe deals with its biggest measles outbreaks since the 1990s, U.S. health officials are urging travelers to be up-to-date on vaccination.

    In 2018, European countries reported more than 83,500 measles cases, including 74 deaths, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). A majority of cases were in the Ukraine, but Serbia, France, Italy, Greece, the Russian Federation and ...

    U.S. Measles Cases for 2019 Already Exceed All Annual Totals Since 1992: CDC

    This is only the fifth month of 2019, but already the number of measles cases surpass the totals for any year since 1992, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Thursday.

    By the end of May, 971 cases of the highly contagious, vaccine-preventable illness have been recorded, topping the 963 total annual cases seen 27 years ago.

    Most of this year's cases...

    Parents, Here's How to Protect Your Child During Measles Outbreaks

    As measles outbreaks rage in many parts of the United States, one expert has advice for parents on how to protect their children from the disease.

    On Monday, U.S. health officials reported that measles cases have now climbed to 839 in 2019, the highest yearly total in 25 years. Infections have been confirmed in 23 states, with many of the cases showing up in unvaccinated people in Ort...

    Is the County You Call Home a Potential Measles Hotspot?

    Could a computer model pinpoint where measles outbreaks are likely to occur?

    That's exactly what researchers did, accurately predicting some of the U.S. regions where measles might spread. Their predictions included counties in New York, Washington state and Oregon, where measles outbreaks are already raging. In total, 25 counties were identified as measles-prone.

    Not only t...

    Do Adults Need a Measles Booster Shot?

    New York's ongoing measles epidemic alarmed midtown Manhattan resident Deb Ivanhoe, who couldn't remember whether she'd ever been vaccinated as a child.

    So Ivanhoe, 60, sought out her long-time primary care doctor, who performed an antibody test to see whether she had any protection against measles.

    To her surprise, the test revealed that Ivanhoe had no immunity to measles. ...

    High Measles Rates Mean Kids, Adults Need Proper Vaccination: CDC

    As the once-vanquished measles virus continues to spread through U.S. communities, federal health officials on Monday urged up-to-date vaccination for children and some adults.

    There are now 704 reported cases of measles across 22 states, mostly affecting people who have not been vaccinated against the virus, said U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar.

    "This is ...

    Parents, Protect Your Kids as Measles Outbreaks Spread

    As measles outbreaks spread across the United States, there are a number of things parents need to know, a leading pediatricians' group says.

    The most important is to make sure your children are fully protected against the disease, which can be deadly, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) advised. Only the measles vaccine can do that.

    The United States is in the middle o...

    As U.S. Measles Cases Hit New High, Experts Warn the Disease Can Be Deadly

    Measles cases in the United States have now reached 695 -- the highest since the disease was declared eliminated in 2000, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced late Wednesday.

    Outbreaks are occurring across the country, often linked to the "anti-vaccination" movement. One of the largest outbreaks is in New York City, where 61 new cases were reported this week.<...

    NYC Declares Public Health Emergency Over Brooklyn Measles Outbreak

    A public health emergency has been declared in New York City as it grapples withone of the largest measles outbreaks in decades, whichis centered in theultra-Orthodox Jewish community in Brooklyn.

    Unvaccinated people living in certain ZIP codes in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, will have to get the measles vaccine, and those who do not comply will be issued violations and possibly fines, May...

    What Drives 'Anti-Vaxxer' Parents? It's a Mixed Bag, Study Shows

    Anti-vaccination campaigns abound on social media, but the people involved are not necessarily driven by any single motivation, a new study suggests.

    Instead, researchers say, people who voice their anti-vaccine sentiments online range from conspiracy theorists to parents who have safety worries or interests in alternative medicine.

    The investigators came to that conclusion ...

    Largest Study Ever Finds No Link Between Measles Vaccine, Autism

    Amid ongoing U.S. measles outbreaks, one of the largest studies to date provides fresh evidence that the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine does not cause autism.

    Danish researchers found no link between the MMR vaccine and autism, even when they focused on children at greater risk for developing autism.

    "In a study of more than 650,000 Danish children, there was no di...

    California Parents Are Getting Around Vaccine Law, Fueling Measles Outbreaks

    Even though California enacted tough legislation in 2016 barring "personal belief" exemptions for childhood vaccinations, some parents may be turning to unethical physicians to circumvent the new law.

    And that could be fueling new and dangerous measles outbreaks in the state, a new study finds.

    In a report on one such outbreak occurring early in 2018, "the six unvaccinated p...