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5 Steps to Protect Young Athletes' Eyes

As children begin to return to their favorite sports, parents need to ensure that their youngsters use protective eyewear, a leading group of eye specialists says.

Nearly 30,000 people suffer sports-related eye injuries every year in the United States, but 90% of emergency room visits for such injuries could be prevented by protective eyewear, according to the American Academy of Ophthalm...

New Hope Against a Rare but Incurable Eye Cancer

A cutting-edge experimental drug cuts nearly in half the risk of death among patients with a rare but aggressive cancer of the eye, new clinical trial data show.

Tebentafusp has now become the first drug shown to improve overall survival in patients with uveal melanoma, said Dr. Antoni Ribas, immediate past president of the American Association of Cancer Research (AACR), in a

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • April 20, 2021
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  • Full Page
  • Diminished Hearing, Vision Together Could Be Risk Factor for Dementia

    A combination of hearing and vision loss is tied to an increased risk of mental decline and dementia, but having just one of those impairments isn't connected with a higher risk, a new South Korean study finds.

    It's not clear why a diminishing of both senses, but not just one, would raise dementia risks, but the study's leader had a theory that's tied to the importance of socializing in ...

    Could a Few Glasses of Wine Per Week Help Ward Off Cataracts?

    Cataracts are a threat to the vision of millions, but new study suggests a welcome aid to prevention: wine.

    A few glasses of alcohol -- especially red wine -- a week may help reduce your risk of cataract surgery, new British research suggests.

    "The fact that our findings were particularly evident in wine drinkers may suggest a protective role of polyphenol antioxidants, which are e...

    Can a Drug Help Prevent Diabetic Vision Loss?

    The overall eye health of people with diabetes benefits from preventive drug injections directly into the eyeball, but it's too soon to tell whether such treatment will better preserve their vision long-term, new clinical trial results show.

    Regular injections of aflibercept (Eylea) caused a more than threefold reduction in blood vessel leakage inside the retina, and a more than twofold r...

    Even in a Pandemic, Child Vision Tests Are Crucial

    It's critical for parents to maintain their children's vision checkups during the COVID-19 pandemic, an expert says.

    "All children should have their eyes checked by their pediatrician at regular intervals, even if they don't have any symptoms," said Dr. Samantha Feldman, a pediatric ophthalmologist at the Krieger Eye Institute in Baltimore.

    "Part of the reason that vision screenin...

    Eye Care Is Key When You're Working From Home

    If you're one of the many people who've switched to working at home during the COVID-19 pandemic, you need to take care of your eyes, the American Academy of Ophthalmology says.

    Staring at a screen too long can lead to digital eye strain. Symptoms include blurry vision, headaches and tired, dry eyes. It happens because we blink less often when using screens. Blinking keeps the surface of ...

    New Thyroid Eye Disease Treatment Could Harm Hearing

    The first drug approved in the United States to treat thyroid eye disease may come with an unwelcome side effect for many: A small, new study finds that up to two-thirds of patients who take the medication experience hearing problems.

    Teprotumumab (Tepezza) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in January 2020. In two clinical trials conducted before FDA approval of the dr...

    Vision Problems Are On the Decline for American Seniors

    Serious vision problems among older Americans have declined sharply, and the improvement has been greatest among women, folks over 85 and seniors who are Black or Hispanic, a nationwide study shows.

    "The implications of a reduction in vision impairment are significant," said study first author ZhiDi Deng, a pharmacy student at the University of Toronto in Canada. "Vision problems are a ma...

    Scientists Create Human Tear Glands That Cry in the Lab

    Dutch scientists report they have grown miniature tear glands that actually cry.

    They say these organoids -- tiny 3D-structures that mimic the function of actual human organs -- could lead to new treatments for dry eye disease and other tear gland disorders.

    "And hopefully in the future, this type of organoids may even be transplantable to patients with non-functioning tear glands,"...

    Your Eyes May Signal Your Risk for Stroke, Dementia

    Your eyes may be a window into the health of your brain, a new study indicates.

    Researchers found that older adults with the eye disease retinopathy were at increased risk of having a stroke, as well as possible symptoms of dementia. And on average, they died sooner than people their age without the eye condition.

    Retinopathy refers to a disease the retina, the light-sensing tissue ...

    Scientists Gain Insight Into Genetics of Glaucoma

    Researchers have identified 44 new genetic variants associated with glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness. They say their findings could provide new targets to treat the common eye disease.

    In their study, the international team compared the genes of more than 34,000 people with glaucoma and more than 349,000 people without the incurable eye condition.

    In addition to pinpointing th...

    New Hope for Better Treatments Against Macular Degeneration

    A number of new treatments for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a progressive eye disease, are under development. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in older people.

    About 11 million Americans have AMD, which affects part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. There are two types: wet and dry. Wet AMD is treated with eye injections every month or two, and dry AMD with an...

    What Causes Herpes Cold Sore Flare-Ups? New Study Offers Clues

    Scientists may have discovered why cold sores caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) are triggered by stress, illness and sunburn.

    The finding could lead to new ways to prevent recurring cold sores and herpes-related eye disease, U.S. and British researchers say.

    More than half of Americans are infected with herpes simplex virus. It is spread through close contact with someone wh...

    Severe COVID-19 Linked With Changes in Eyes of Survivors

    Severe eye abnormalities have been found in the eyes of some COVID-19 patients, a new study out of France contends.

    The findings show the need for eye screening, as well as appropriate treatment and management of potentially serious eye problems in these patients, experts say.

    "We showed that a few patients with severe COVID-19 from the French COVID-19 cohort had one or several nodu...

    Bleeding Gums? You Might Be Lacking Vitamin C

    If you have bleeding gums, you may need to increase the amount of vitamin C in your diet, a new study suggests.

    The American Dental Association says bleeding could be a sign of gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease. These new findings from University of Washington (UW) researchers suggest you should also check your vitamin C intake.

    "When you see your gums bleed, the first thing...

    Hand Sanitizer Is Harming Kids' Eyes, Often Seriously

    The explosive rise in use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers during the COVID-19 pandemic has had a dangerous, unintended consequence: eye injuries among children.

    Using data from French poison control and a children's hospital in Paris, researchers reported that accidental eye injuries to kids under age 18 shot up sevenfold during a five-month period last year, compared to 2019.

    For Rising Number of People, Obesity Is a Literal Headache

    As worldwide obesity rates continue to soar, new research shows that growing numbers of people are developing a potentially blinding type of weight-linked headache that was once considered rare.

    Though the study was conducted in Wales, one U.S. expert said the same surge in these headaches is likely happening in this country and elsewhere, but he cautioned that just because someone is obe...

    Promising Steps Toward Retinal Cell Transplants to Fight Blindness

    A promising step toward using retinal cell transplants to treat blindness is reported in a new study.

    Adult retinal stem cells from deceased human donors survived when they were transplanted into the eyes of non-human primates, according to the researchers.

    The cells were taken from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). It is a layer of cells that supports and nourishes the retina, ...

    Vision Problems? Here's a Guide to Which Specialist Is Right for You

    If you're having eye problems, you may not know which type of specialist to consult.

    Here's some help from experts who explain the roles of an optometrist, ophthalmologist, pediatric ophthalmologist, orthoptist and optician.

    Optometrists provide comprehensive eye care, including evaluations for glasses and contact lenses and common eye diseases.

    "They play a role in monitoring...

    When Popping Champagne at New Years', Watch Out for That Cork

    As 2020 comes to a close, many people plan to ring in the new year with a bit of bubbly.

    But that can lead to calamity when not done safely, warns the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), which offers tips for keeping a Champagne toast from going wrong.

    A warm bottle of Champagne paired with poor technique for opening it can send a cork flying up to 50 miles per hour, threatenin...

    Surgery, Drugs Similar for Treating Severe Diabetic Eye Disease

    Surgery and injectable drugs are equally effective in treating a serious diabetes-related eye condition, a new study indicates.

    It included 205 patients with bleeding inside the eye due to proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), a disorder in which new, abnormal blood vessels grow in the retina.

    These blood vessels often bleed into the gel-like vitreous that fills the eye, resulti...

    COVID Tied to Rare But Severe Eye Infection

    A rare, sight-stealing infection might be triggered by COVID-19, a new study suggests.

    In the space of two months, three patients suffering from COVID-19 in one New York health system developed keratitis, an inflammation of the cornea, which then led to a sight-threatening infection of the tissues or fluids inside the eyeball called endophthalmitis.

    "I see things like this, but very...

    Eye Injury Reported From Germ-Killing UV Lamps

    Amid a pandemic, some people are buying so-called germicidal ultraviolet lamps to protect against the new coronavirus.

    But new research finds that decision could backfire when it comes to eye health.

    Doctors are reporting on several patients who used such devices to eliminate the virus from homes and offices and developed painful inflammation of the cornea, a condition called photok...

    Your Corneas May Be Safe From COVID: Study

    A new study suggests that COVID-19 doesn't infect the eye's cornea.

    Although viruses such as herpes simplex can infect the cornea and Zika has been found in corneal tissue and tears, this does not appear to be the case with COVID-19, according to researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

    They said the cornea appears to resist infection from the novel co...

    Another Tragedy Tied to Opioids: Eye Disease

    America's ongoing opioid epidemic is costing increasing numbers of addicts their eyesight, a new study reports.

    The number of drug addicts who developed vision-endangering eye infections quadrupled between 2003 and 2016, according to researchers.

    "For whatever reason, these infections have a propensity for often getting near the good center of vision. It's quite frequent for patient...

    Not Harmless: Rubber Bullets, Pepper Spray Rob Vision

    Last summer, the American Academy of Ophthalmology condemned the use of rubber bullets as a law enforcement tactic for crowd control during protests that rocked the United States. The argument: rubber bullets can cause serious eye injury.

    Now, a new study backs up that concern, finding that the use of rubber bullets and pellets, pepper spray, tear gas and/or bean bag guns does, in fact, i...

    Spotting the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

    Most Americans over 40 don't know the signs of diabetic retinopathy, a new survey finds.

    The condition affects nearly 8 million Americans, and that number is expected to double by 2050, but most adults don't know facts about diabetic retinopathy that could help save their sight.

    The survey of 1,000 U.S. adults by the American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS) found 47% didn't kno...

    New Coronavirus Can Infect Your Eyes as Well as Your Lungs

    COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory infection, but experts have suspected the virus can also infiltrate the eyes. Now, scientists have more direct evidence of it.

    The findings are based on a patient in China who developed an acute glaucoma attack soon after recovering from COVID-19. Her doctors had to perform surgery to treat the condition, and tests of her eye tissue showed evidence ...

    Allowing More Gay Men to Donate Corneas Could Save Sight for Thousands: Study

    U.S. and Canadian restrictions on cornea donations from gay and bisexual men prevent thousands of vision-restoring transplants and need to be changed, researchers say.

    A corneal transplant can cure some forms of blindness and visual impairment. The United States bans men from donating if they have had gay sex in the past five years; Canada has a 12-month restriction.

    The sa...

    Do Ordinary Eyeglasses Offer Protection Against COVID-19?

    Eyeglasses keep you from tripping over footstools and walking into walls, but they also might have a side benefit to spark envy among those with 20/20 vision.

    People who wear glasses every day might be less susceptible to COVID-19 infection, a Chinese study reports.

    Only about 6% of 276 patients hospitalized for COVID-19 at Suizhou Zengdu Hospital in China needed to wear...

    Parkinson's Drug Eyed as Treatment for Severe Macular Degeneration

    A drug long used to treat Parkinson's disease may benefit patients with a severe form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a small clinical trial suggests.

    One of the leading causes of vision loss in older people is a condition called dry macular degeneration. More than 15% of Americans over age 70 have AMD, and 10% to 15% of those cases go on to develop the more sev...

    Pandemic Learning Can Strain Children's Eyes

    If your child will be doing online learning this school year, you need to take steps to protect them from eye strain, the American Academy of Ophthalmology says.

    "I really have seen a marked increase in kids suffering from eye strain because of increased screen time. Good news is most symptoms can be avoided by taking a few simple steps," pediatric ophthalmologist Dr. Stephen Lipsky, ...

    Special Contact Lenses Can Help Curb Nearsightedness in Kids

    Kids suffering from nearsightedness can slow the progression of their myopia by using soft bifocal contact lenses, a new trial shows.

    Bifocal contacts with a powerful corrective prescription slowed the progression of nearsightedness in youngsters by 43% compared to single-vision contacts, the results showed.

    "The higher the reading portion of the contact lens, the better...

    Have Diabetes? Don't Lose Sight of Danger to Your Eyes

    Diabetes can wreak havoc on many parts of the body, including the eyes, but people with diabetes aren't doomed to have vision problems.

    With good blood sugar management and regular eye exams, many eye conditions can be prevented or treated, experts say.

    Patricia Welter, a Pilates studio owner from Palm Harbor, Fla., wishes she'd known more about preventing eye problems rel...

    Want to Protect Your Eyes as You Age? Stay Away From Carbs

    Glaucoma strikes many people as they age, but what if a simple dietary change could lower your risk?

    New research suggests it can: Scientists found a low-carbohydrate diet might protect you against the vision-robbing disease.

    The researchers analyzed data from 185,000 female nurses and male health professionals, aged 40 to 75, who took part in three large studies in the Uni...

    Check Early and Often for Glaucoma

    Regular eye checks are crucial for people with early-stage glaucoma, a new study shows.

    Glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain becomes damaged. It develops slowly and affects peripheral vision first. Untreated glaucoma leads to permanent vision loss.

    Glaucoma makes it harder to see contrast -- the differences between shades of lig...

    Pandemic Means More Backyard Fireworks This Year -- And More Danger

    With communities across the United States canceling Fourth of July celebrations due to the COVID-19 pandemic, backyard fireworks are likely to be more popular than ever.

    And that has many health experts worried. They fear injuries will soar among amateurs who don't know how to use fireworks safely. Even before the holiday, explosives are being set off in America's backyards and on c...

    Concussion Can Lead to Vision, Balance Problems in Young Kids

    Young children who suffer a concussion are likely to have vision and balance problems, according to a new study.

    "Since one-third of pediatric and adolescent concussion injuries occur in elementary school-age children, we set out to provide a comprehensive description of children ages 5 to 11 years who were diagnosed with a concussion to pinpoint opportunities to improve the quality ...

    Eye Experts Call for Ban on Police Use of Rubber Bullets

    Rubber bullets can cause severe eye injuries, blindness and even death, and they shouldn't be used against protesters, claims a petition signed by almost 400 U.S. eye doctors.

    The petition was first launched by ophthalmologists at the University of California, San Francisco, on June 2 in response to police use of rubber bullets during the nationwide protests sparked by the death of G...

    Your Eyewear and COVID-19 Safety

    Coronavirus-related safety is crucial if you wear contact lenses, eyeglasses or safety glasses/goggles, experts say.

    While the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends limiting use of contact lenses and switching to eyeglasses during the pandemic, the American Optometric Association says there's no evidence that wearing contacts increases COVID-19 risk.

    "With proper hand...

    Could Your Contact Lenses Track, Treat Your Diabetes?

    Contact lenses may someday do more than correct poor vision, with new, preliminary research in animals suggesting they could also monitor your diabetes and deliver medications.

    The new lenses were designed to check blood sugar levels and to deliver drugs to the eye, possibly for the eye disease related to diabetes called diabetic retinopathy. After trying them out on rabbits, scienti...

    How Contact Lenses Affect Your Risk of COVID-19

    Contact lens users may be at increased risk for coronavirus infection, so they need to be extra careful, an eye expert says.

    "There are no confirmed cases of COVID-19 transmission by handling of contact lenses," said David Chu, assistant professor of ophthalmology at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, in Newark. "However, since contact lenses can cause eye irritation, wearers tend to ...

    Transplanted Skin Stem Cells Help Blind Mice See Light

    Transplants of skin cells that were turned into light-sensing eye cells enabled blind mice to detect light, a new study says.

    In previous research with lab animals, scientists have programmed stem cells created from blood or skin cells to become photoreceptors and transplanted them into the back of the eye.

    Researchers said this study shows that it's possible to skip the ste...

    With Coronavirus a Threat, Stop Wearing Contact Lenses

    Even if you're already wearing a face mask to cover your mouth and nose, taking steps to protect your eyes might also help guard against coronavirus infection, eye health experts say.

    Here are some tips from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO):

    • Don't wear contact lenses -- switch to glasses. People who wear contact lenses tend to touch their eyes more than the ...

    'Pink Eye' Often a Symptom of COVID-19, and Infection Via Tears Possible

    Besides causing COVID-19, the new coronavirus can also lead to "pink eye," and Chinese researchers say the virus may be spread by tears.

    Of 38 patients with COVID-19, a dozen also had pink eye (conjunctivitis), a new study found. In two patients, the coronavirus was present in both nasal and eye fluids.

    "Some COVID-19 patients have ocular symptoms, and maybe novel coronavir...

    Rising Number of Older Americans at Risk of Vision Loss

    As the population ages, millions of older Americans are at risk of losing their sight, a new study warns.

    Between 2002 and 2017, the number at high risk for vision loss rose from 65 million to 93 million, according to federal health data.

    "The number of adults at high risk for vision loss is high and may continue to increase in the coming years with the increasing populati...

    Serious Eye Problems Common in People With Parkinson's

    People with Parkinson's disease often have eye problems, which can interfere with their daily activities and increase their risk for falls, researchers say.

    "It is especially important for people with Parkinson's to have the best vision possible because it can help compensate for movement problems caused by the disease, and help reduce the risk of falls," according to the author of a ...

    With Macular Degeneration, 1 Missed Visit to Eye Doc Can Mean Vision Loss

    Missing just one eye doctor appointment can result in vision loss in older adults with macular degeneration, a new study warns.

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in the elderly, and these findings show the need for patients to keep all scheduled appointments with an ophthalmologist, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers sa...

    Could ED Drugs Threaten Men's Vision?

    Viagra can salvage a man's sex life, but in rare cases it may temporarily steal his sight.

    Researchers report that some men who took sildenafil -- the generic form of the impotence drug -- suffered from vision problems, including a kind of color blindness that could take weeks to resolve.

    The case report details 17 Turkish males who wound up in the hospital after taking sil...